Degradation of carbon fiber reinforced polymer from cathodic protection process on exposure to NaOH and simulated pore water solutions

Hongfang Sun, Shazim Ali Memon, Yang Gu, Miaochang Zhu, Ji Hua Zhu, Feng Xing

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this research, the degradation behavior of laminated carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) strip anode in an electrochemical process was evaluated in an alkali electrolyte (NaOH solution) and simulated pore water solution (containing both alkalis and chloride components) so as to simulate CFRP performance in cathodic protection of atmospherically exposed steel-reinforced concrete. Experiments were conducted with three levels of applied current (0, 0.5, and 4 mA) corresponding to current density of 0, 0.77, and 6.15 A/m2 of anode surface, respectively. The degradation behavior and mechanism was investigated by degradation rate measurement, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The result showed that in both solutions, an accelerated degradation rate was observed with the increase in the level of applied current. For an applied current of 4 mA, the degradation rate was approximately 12.4 and 13.6 µm/day for NaOH and pore water solutions respectively. SEM micrographs showed that in both the solutions, the degradation to CFRP occurred at the surface and diffused into the polymer through holes. FTIR results showed that for NaOH solution more oxygen-related bonds were observed after ICCP process. This indicates that oxygen produced at the anode caused the oxidization of epoxy polymer in CFRP and resulted in the softening of polymer. In the pore water solution, the decrease in the intensity of C–N bond and the increase in intensity of C–Cl bond showed that chlorine was preferentially produced at the anode instead of oxygen and acted as the main source for CFRP degradation. The breakage of C–N bond caused the epoxy in CFRP to transform into fine powder and subsequent loose the carbon fibers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5273-5283
Number of pages11
JournalMaterials and Structures/Materiaux et Constructions
Volume49
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Cathodic protection
Carbon fibers
Polymers
Degradation
Water
Anodes
Alkalies
Oxygen
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy
Coal breakage
carbon fiber
Scanning electron microscopy
Steel
Chlorine
Powders
Electrolytes
Reinforced concrete
Chlorides
Current density
X ray diffraction

Keywords

  • Carbon fibers
  • Environmental degradation
  • Microstructural analysis
  • Polymer-matrix composites

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials

Cite this

Degradation of carbon fiber reinforced polymer from cathodic protection process on exposure to NaOH and simulated pore water solutions. / Sun, Hongfang; Memon, Shazim Ali; Gu, Yang; Zhu, Miaochang; Zhu, Ji Hua; Xing, Feng.

In: Materials and Structures/Materiaux et Constructions, Vol. 49, No. 12, 01.12.2016, p. 5273-5283.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "In this research, the degradation behavior of laminated carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) strip anode in an electrochemical process was evaluated in an alkali electrolyte (NaOH solution) and simulated pore water solution (containing both alkalis and chloride components) so as to simulate CFRP performance in cathodic protection of atmospherically exposed steel-reinforced concrete. Experiments were conducted with three levels of applied current (0, 0.5, and 4{\^A} mA) corresponding to current density of 0, 0.77, and 6.15 A/m2 of anode surface, respectively. The degradation behavior and mechanism was investigated by degradation rate measurement, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The result showed that in both solutions, an accelerated degradation rate was observed with the increase in the level of applied current. For an applied current of 4{\^A} mA, the degradation rate was approximately 12.4 and 13.6{\^A} {\^A}µm/day for NaOH and pore water solutions respectively. SEM micrographs showed that in both the solutions, the degradation to CFRP occurred at the surface and diffused into the polymer through holes. FTIR results showed that for NaOH solution more oxygen-related bonds were observed after ICCP process. This indicates that oxygen produced at the anode caused the oxidization of epoxy polymer in CFRP and resulted in the softening of polymer. In the pore water solution, the decrease in the intensity of C–N bond and the increase in intensity of C–Cl bond showed that chlorine was preferentially produced at the anode instead of oxygen and acted as the main source for CFRP degradation. The breakage of C–N bond caused the epoxy in CFRP to transform into fine powder and subsequent loose the carbon fibers.",
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AU - Sun, Hongfang

AU - Memon, Shazim Ali

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AU - Zhu, Ji Hua

AU - Xing, Feng

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AB - In this research, the degradation behavior of laminated carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) strip anode in an electrochemical process was evaluated in an alkali electrolyte (NaOH solution) and simulated pore water solution (containing both alkalis and chloride components) so as to simulate CFRP performance in cathodic protection of atmospherically exposed steel-reinforced concrete. Experiments were conducted with three levels of applied current (0, 0.5, and 4 mA) corresponding to current density of 0, 0.77, and 6.15 A/m2 of anode surface, respectively. The degradation behavior and mechanism was investigated by degradation rate measurement, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The result showed that in both solutions, an accelerated degradation rate was observed with the increase in the level of applied current. For an applied current of 4 mA, the degradation rate was approximately 12.4 and 13.6 µm/day for NaOH and pore water solutions respectively. SEM micrographs showed that in both the solutions, the degradation to CFRP occurred at the surface and diffused into the polymer through holes. FTIR results showed that for NaOH solution more oxygen-related bonds were observed after ICCP process. This indicates that oxygen produced at the anode caused the oxidization of epoxy polymer in CFRP and resulted in the softening of polymer. In the pore water solution, the decrease in the intensity of C–N bond and the increase in intensity of C–Cl bond showed that chlorine was preferentially produced at the anode instead of oxygen and acted as the main source for CFRP degradation. The breakage of C–N bond caused the epoxy in CFRP to transform into fine powder and subsequent loose the carbon fibers.

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