Dehydroxylation-assisted self-crosslinking of MXene-based pervaporation membranes for treating high-salinity water

Hasan Fareed, K. Jang, Woojin Lee, I.S. Kim, S. Han

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, an additive-free self-crosslinking technique was optimized to prepare pervaporation desalination membranes for brine treatment. MXene-coated membranes that were about 100 nm thick were synthesized using the facile vacuum filtration technique. The MXene nanosheets were then crosslinked at different temperatures from 25 °C to 180 °C, inspired by weight loss through thermogravimetric analysis. The MXene membrane self-crosslinked at 140 ℃ (M140) proved to be the optimal membrane in terms of the permselectivity of brine with a stable d-spacing of 1.43 nm in distilled water and 1.48 nm in a 10 wt% NaCl solution. Fourier-transformed infrared spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy revealed Ti[sbnd]O[sbnd]Ti bond formation induced by reverse hydrolysis of MXene, leading to increased surface roughness and decreased swelling tendency. M140 generated a permeation flux of 70 kg m-2h−1 with salt rejection up to 99.9 % for 100 g/L of NaCl solution at a feed temperature of 70 °C. Furthermore, M140, tested with simulated brine for a 48 h operation test, showed successful suppression of salt transport on the permeate side, while maintaining ∼ 50 kg m-2h−1 flux and 99.9 % salt rejection. M140 is recommended for pervaporation desalination, where a high salinity feed is expected.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)506-515
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry
Publication statusPublished - Mar 25 2023


  • Brine treatment
  • Desalination
  • MXene
  • Pervaporation
  • Self-crosslinking
  • Swelling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering


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