Demographic and Genetic Portraits of the Ulchi Population

E. V. Balanovska, Y. V. Bogunov, E. N. Kamenshikova, O. A. Balaganskaya, A. T. Agdzhoyan, A. A. Bogunova, R. A. Skhalyakho, I. E. Alborova, Maxat Zhabagin, S. M. Koshel, D. M. Daragan, E. B. Borisova, A. A. Galakhova, O. V. Maltceva, Kh Kh Mustafin, N. K. Yankovsky, O. P. Balanovsky

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Abstract: The demographic parameters and Y-chromosomal variation in the Ulchi population, an indigenous ethnic group of Khabarovsk krai, were studied. The demographic portrait was compiled using the data from the books of rural household accounting (7521 records, including 1562 on Ulchi). The structure of the gene pool was characterized for 45 SNP markers of the Y chromosome: 52 DNA samples were analyzed. The total number of Ulchi in the period between the censuses of 1926–2002 showed stable growth (723–2913 individuals) and slightly decreased by 2010 (2765 individuals). The study revealed an imbalance in the sex ratio (SR = 1 : 1.7) and the age structure close to the stationary type and providing a simple type of reproduction of the Ulchi. Analysis of the marital structure demonstrated a high rate of assimilation of the Ulchi by the Russian-speaking population dominant in all places of their compact settlement. Analysis for the SNP markers of the Y chromosomes (23 haplogroups were found) revealed a strong similarity of the Ulchi to the populations of the Amur River region and Okhotsk coast and a relative proximity to the Central Asian populations as given by haplogroup C. Genotyping of five new SNP markers within haplogroup C and 17 STR markers provided a correct phylogenetic analysis of haplogroup C in the Ulchi and neighboring peoples. It did not confirm the powerful gene drift in the Ulchi, which one might expect owing to their low effective size, likely because the Ulchi population was subdivided and thus managed to retain its diversity. However, this analysis revealed traces of intense interaction of the Ulchi with the peoples of the Far East and Central Asia over the past one to three thousand years. Therefore, the results of a recent study of the similarity of the ancient genomes of Primorye with the Ulchi indicate not the uniqueness of the Ulchi but the fact that this ancient gene pool was preserved in a vast milieu of populations of the Far East interlaced with gene flows both with each other and with populations of Central Asia.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1245-1253
    Number of pages9
    JournalRussian Journal of Genetics
    Volume54
    Issue number10
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2018

    Fingerprint

    Demography
    Far East
    Central Asia
    Population
    Single Nucleotide Polymorphism
    Gene Pool
    Y Chromosome
    Gene Flow
    Sex Ratio
    Censuses
    Population Groups
    Ethnic Groups
    Rivers
    Reproduction
    Genome
    DNA
    Growth
    Genes

    Keywords

    • age structure
    • demography
    • Far East
    • gene pool
    • genogeography
    • indigenous peoples
    • population
    • sex structure
    • SNP
    • STR markers
    • Ulchi
    • Y chromosome

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Genetics

    Cite this

    Balanovska, E. V., Bogunov, Y. V., Kamenshikova, E. N., Balaganskaya, O. A., Agdzhoyan, A. T., Bogunova, A. A., ... Balanovsky, O. P. (2018). Demographic and Genetic Portraits of the Ulchi Population. Russian Journal of Genetics, 54(10), 1245-1253. https://doi.org/10.1134/S1022795418100046

    Demographic and Genetic Portraits of the Ulchi Population. / Balanovska, E. V.; Bogunov, Y. V.; Kamenshikova, E. N.; Balaganskaya, O. A.; Agdzhoyan, A. T.; Bogunova, A. A.; Skhalyakho, R. A.; Alborova, I. E.; Zhabagin, Maxat; Koshel, S. M.; Daragan, D. M.; Borisova, E. B.; Galakhova, A. A.; Maltceva, O. V.; Mustafin, Kh Kh; Yankovsky, N. K.; Balanovsky, O. P.

    In: Russian Journal of Genetics, Vol. 54, No. 10, 01.10.2018, p. 1245-1253.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Balanovska, EV, Bogunov, YV, Kamenshikova, EN, Balaganskaya, OA, Agdzhoyan, AT, Bogunova, AA, Skhalyakho, RA, Alborova, IE, Zhabagin, M, Koshel, SM, Daragan, DM, Borisova, EB, Galakhova, AA, Maltceva, OV, Mustafin, KK, Yankovsky, NK & Balanovsky, OP 2018, 'Demographic and Genetic Portraits of the Ulchi Population', Russian Journal of Genetics, vol. 54, no. 10, pp. 1245-1253. https://doi.org/10.1134/S1022795418100046
    Balanovska EV, Bogunov YV, Kamenshikova EN, Balaganskaya OA, Agdzhoyan AT, Bogunova AA et al. Demographic and Genetic Portraits of the Ulchi Population. Russian Journal of Genetics. 2018 Oct 1;54(10):1245-1253. https://doi.org/10.1134/S1022795418100046
    Balanovska, E. V. ; Bogunov, Y. V. ; Kamenshikova, E. N. ; Balaganskaya, O. A. ; Agdzhoyan, A. T. ; Bogunova, A. A. ; Skhalyakho, R. A. ; Alborova, I. E. ; Zhabagin, Maxat ; Koshel, S. M. ; Daragan, D. M. ; Borisova, E. B. ; Galakhova, A. A. ; Maltceva, O. V. ; Mustafin, Kh Kh ; Yankovsky, N. K. ; Balanovsky, O. P. / Demographic and Genetic Portraits of the Ulchi Population. In: Russian Journal of Genetics. 2018 ; Vol. 54, No. 10. pp. 1245-1253.
    @article{96f1dd2ecd944186976c3aa7014d8983,
    title = "Demographic and Genetic Portraits of the Ulchi Population",
    abstract = "Abstract: The demographic parameters and Y-chromosomal variation in the Ulchi population, an indigenous ethnic group of Khabarovsk krai, were studied. The demographic portrait was compiled using the data from the books of rural household accounting (7521 records, including 1562 on Ulchi). The structure of the gene pool was characterized for 45 SNP markers of the Y chromosome: 52 DNA samples were analyzed. The total number of Ulchi in the period between the censuses of 1926–2002 showed stable growth (723–2913 individuals) and slightly decreased by 2010 (2765 individuals). The study revealed an imbalance in the sex ratio (SR = 1 : 1.7) and the age structure close to the stationary type and providing a simple type of reproduction of the Ulchi. Analysis of the marital structure demonstrated a high rate of assimilation of the Ulchi by the Russian-speaking population dominant in all places of their compact settlement. Analysis for the SNP markers of the Y chromosomes (23 haplogroups were found) revealed a strong similarity of the Ulchi to the populations of the Amur River region and Okhotsk coast and a relative proximity to the Central Asian populations as given by haplogroup C. Genotyping of five new SNP markers within haplogroup C and 17 STR markers provided a correct phylogenetic analysis of haplogroup C in the Ulchi and neighboring peoples. It did not confirm the powerful gene drift in the Ulchi, which one might expect owing to their low effective size, likely because the Ulchi population was subdivided and thus managed to retain its diversity. However, this analysis revealed traces of intense interaction of the Ulchi with the peoples of the Far East and Central Asia over the past one to three thousand years. Therefore, the results of a recent study of the similarity of the ancient genomes of Primorye with the Ulchi indicate not the uniqueness of the Ulchi but the fact that this ancient gene pool was preserved in a vast milieu of populations of the Far East interlaced with gene flows both with each other and with populations of Central Asia.",
    keywords = "age structure, demography, Far East, gene pool, genogeography, indigenous peoples, population, sex structure, SNP, STR markers, Ulchi, Y chromosome",
    author = "Balanovska, {E. V.} and Bogunov, {Y. V.} and Kamenshikova, {E. N.} and Balaganskaya, {O. A.} and Agdzhoyan, {A. T.} and Bogunova, {A. A.} and Skhalyakho, {R. A.} and Alborova, {I. E.} and Maxat Zhabagin and Koshel, {S. M.} and Daragan, {D. M.} and Borisova, {E. B.} and Galakhova, {A. A.} and Maltceva, {O. V.} and Mustafin, {Kh Kh} and Yankovsky, {N. K.} and Balanovsky, {O. P.}",
    year = "2018",
    month = "10",
    day = "1",
    doi = "10.1134/S1022795418100046",
    language = "English",
    volume = "54",
    pages = "1245--1253",
    journal = "Russian Journal of Genetics",
    issn = "1022-7954",
    publisher = "Maik Nauka-Interperiodica Publishing",
    number = "10",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Demographic and Genetic Portraits of the Ulchi Population

    AU - Balanovska, E. V.

    AU - Bogunov, Y. V.

    AU - Kamenshikova, E. N.

    AU - Balaganskaya, O. A.

    AU - Agdzhoyan, A. T.

    AU - Bogunova, A. A.

    AU - Skhalyakho, R. A.

    AU - Alborova, I. E.

    AU - Zhabagin, Maxat

    AU - Koshel, S. M.

    AU - Daragan, D. M.

    AU - Borisova, E. B.

    AU - Galakhova, A. A.

    AU - Maltceva, O. V.

    AU - Mustafin, Kh Kh

    AU - Yankovsky, N. K.

    AU - Balanovsky, O. P.

    PY - 2018/10/1

    Y1 - 2018/10/1

    N2 - Abstract: The demographic parameters and Y-chromosomal variation in the Ulchi population, an indigenous ethnic group of Khabarovsk krai, were studied. The demographic portrait was compiled using the data from the books of rural household accounting (7521 records, including 1562 on Ulchi). The structure of the gene pool was characterized for 45 SNP markers of the Y chromosome: 52 DNA samples were analyzed. The total number of Ulchi in the period between the censuses of 1926–2002 showed stable growth (723–2913 individuals) and slightly decreased by 2010 (2765 individuals). The study revealed an imbalance in the sex ratio (SR = 1 : 1.7) and the age structure close to the stationary type and providing a simple type of reproduction of the Ulchi. Analysis of the marital structure demonstrated a high rate of assimilation of the Ulchi by the Russian-speaking population dominant in all places of their compact settlement. Analysis for the SNP markers of the Y chromosomes (23 haplogroups were found) revealed a strong similarity of the Ulchi to the populations of the Amur River region and Okhotsk coast and a relative proximity to the Central Asian populations as given by haplogroup C. Genotyping of five new SNP markers within haplogroup C and 17 STR markers provided a correct phylogenetic analysis of haplogroup C in the Ulchi and neighboring peoples. It did not confirm the powerful gene drift in the Ulchi, which one might expect owing to their low effective size, likely because the Ulchi population was subdivided and thus managed to retain its diversity. However, this analysis revealed traces of intense interaction of the Ulchi with the peoples of the Far East and Central Asia over the past one to three thousand years. Therefore, the results of a recent study of the similarity of the ancient genomes of Primorye with the Ulchi indicate not the uniqueness of the Ulchi but the fact that this ancient gene pool was preserved in a vast milieu of populations of the Far East interlaced with gene flows both with each other and with populations of Central Asia.

    AB - Abstract: The demographic parameters and Y-chromosomal variation in the Ulchi population, an indigenous ethnic group of Khabarovsk krai, were studied. The demographic portrait was compiled using the data from the books of rural household accounting (7521 records, including 1562 on Ulchi). The structure of the gene pool was characterized for 45 SNP markers of the Y chromosome: 52 DNA samples were analyzed. The total number of Ulchi in the period between the censuses of 1926–2002 showed stable growth (723–2913 individuals) and slightly decreased by 2010 (2765 individuals). The study revealed an imbalance in the sex ratio (SR = 1 : 1.7) and the age structure close to the stationary type and providing a simple type of reproduction of the Ulchi. Analysis of the marital structure demonstrated a high rate of assimilation of the Ulchi by the Russian-speaking population dominant in all places of their compact settlement. Analysis for the SNP markers of the Y chromosomes (23 haplogroups were found) revealed a strong similarity of the Ulchi to the populations of the Amur River region and Okhotsk coast and a relative proximity to the Central Asian populations as given by haplogroup C. Genotyping of five new SNP markers within haplogroup C and 17 STR markers provided a correct phylogenetic analysis of haplogroup C in the Ulchi and neighboring peoples. It did not confirm the powerful gene drift in the Ulchi, which one might expect owing to their low effective size, likely because the Ulchi population was subdivided and thus managed to retain its diversity. However, this analysis revealed traces of intense interaction of the Ulchi with the peoples of the Far East and Central Asia over the past one to three thousand years. Therefore, the results of a recent study of the similarity of the ancient genomes of Primorye with the Ulchi indicate not the uniqueness of the Ulchi but the fact that this ancient gene pool was preserved in a vast milieu of populations of the Far East interlaced with gene flows both with each other and with populations of Central Asia.

    KW - age structure

    KW - demography

    KW - Far East

    KW - gene pool

    KW - genogeography

    KW - indigenous peoples

    KW - population

    KW - sex structure

    KW - SNP

    KW - STR markers

    KW - Ulchi

    KW - Y chromosome

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85055058679&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85055058679&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1134/S1022795418100046

    DO - 10.1134/S1022795418100046

    M3 - Article

    AN - SCOPUS:85055058679

    VL - 54

    SP - 1245

    EP - 1253

    JO - Russian Journal of Genetics

    JF - Russian Journal of Genetics

    SN - 1022-7954

    IS - 10

    ER -