Depositional context and spatial patterning in the hominin-bearing layers of Block 2 at Dmanisi, Georgia

Reed Allen Coil, Martha Tappen, Reid Ferring, Maia Bukhsianidze, David Lordkipanidze

Research output: Contribution to conferencePoster

Abstract

The Lower Paleolithic site of Dmanisi is known for its well preserved fossil fauna, including specimens attributed to Homo erectus, and associated lithic material. This study examines the depositional context of this archaeological material and the implications for carnivore-hominin interaction during the initial diffusion of hominins outside of Africa. Through studying bone orientations, articulations, and spatial distributions, we found that the majority of archaeological material within the excavation unit of Block 2 is either in or very near its original depositional location, which supplements previous taphonomic and geologic interpretations (Tappen et al., 2007). The distributions of stone and bone differ based on stratigraphic layer. Taphonomic sub-assemblages of bone (e.g. cut-marked bone, tooth-marked bone, etc.) follow the overall distribution of the faunal material, indicating no spatially distinct activity areas, with the exception of a large concentration of coprolites in one relatively bone free area.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2017
EventPaleoanthropology Society Meetings - Vancouver, Canada
Duration: Mar 28 2017 → …

Conference

ConferencePaleoanthropology Society Meetings
CountryCanada
CityVancouver
Period3/28/17 → …

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bone
coprolite
Paleolithic
carnivore
tooth
excavation
fossil
fauna
spatial distribution
material
distribution

Cite this

Coil, R. A., Tappen, M., Ferring, R., Bukhsianidze, M., & Lordkipanidze, D. (Accepted/In press). Depositional context and spatial patterning in the hominin-bearing layers of Block 2 at Dmanisi, Georgia. Poster session presented at Paleoanthropology Society Meetings, Vancouver, Canada.

Depositional context and spatial patterning in the hominin-bearing layers of Block 2 at Dmanisi, Georgia. / Coil, Reed Allen; Tappen, Martha ; Ferring, Reid ; Bukhsianidze, Maia ; Lordkipanidze, David .

2017. Poster session presented at Paleoanthropology Society Meetings, Vancouver, Canada.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePoster

Coil, RA, Tappen, M, Ferring, R, Bukhsianidze, M & Lordkipanidze, D 2017, 'Depositional context and spatial patterning in the hominin-bearing layers of Block 2 at Dmanisi, Georgia' Paleoanthropology Society Meetings, Vancouver, Canada, 3/28/17, .
Coil RA, Tappen M, Ferring R, Bukhsianidze M, Lordkipanidze D. Depositional context and spatial patterning in the hominin-bearing layers of Block 2 at Dmanisi, Georgia. 2017. Poster session presented at Paleoanthropology Society Meetings, Vancouver, Canada.
Coil, Reed Allen ; Tappen, Martha ; Ferring, Reid ; Bukhsianidze, Maia ; Lordkipanidze, David . / Depositional context and spatial patterning in the hominin-bearing layers of Block 2 at Dmanisi, Georgia. Poster session presented at Paleoanthropology Society Meetings, Vancouver, Canada.
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AU - Lordkipanidze, David

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AB - The Lower Paleolithic site of Dmanisi is known for its well preserved fossil fauna, including specimens attributed to Homo erectus, and associated lithic material. This study examines the depositional context of this archaeological material and the implications for carnivore-hominin interaction during the initial diffusion of hominins outside of Africa. Through studying bone orientations, articulations, and spatial distributions, we found that the majority of archaeological material within the excavation unit of Block 2 is either in or very near its original depositional location, which supplements previous taphonomic and geologic interpretations (Tappen et al., 2007). The distributions of stone and bone differ based on stratigraphic layer. Taphonomic sub-assemblages of bone (e.g. cut-marked bone, tooth-marked bone, etc.) follow the overall distribution of the faunal material, indicating no spatially distinct activity areas, with the exception of a large concentration of coprolites in one relatively bone free area.

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