Design procedure for safe operations in agitated batch reactors

J. M H Fortuin, Johan J. Heiszwolf, Costin S. Bildea

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An application-oriented design procedure is presented for completely mixed liquid reacting systems in batch reactors. These systems can safely be operated by neglecting the heat capacity of the vessel and attributing suitable values to three scale-independent control parameters: the initial concentration (c0); the inlet coolant temperature (Tc,i; and the Newtonian cooling time (tN). For given dimensionless values of the reaction order n, heat-transfer capacity Bn, and inlet coolant temperature E, the design value α* of the dimensionless adiabatic temperature rise must satisfy αc > α* <αm,a. This can help avoid both runaways (α* <αc) and oversteps of the maximum allowable temperature rise (α* <αm,a). A model is derived to calculate αc and αm,a for three different reaction orders. Simulated relationships are verified with experimental results concerning the hydration of 2,3-epoxypropanol in a 0.27-L agitated batch reactor.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)920-928
Number of pages9
JournalAICHE Journal
Volume47
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2001
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Batch reactors
glycidol
Temperature
Coolants
Hot Temperature
Homeless Youth
Hydration
Specific heat
Heat transfer
Cooling
Liquids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Polymers and Plastics

Cite this

Fortuin, J. M. H., Heiszwolf, J. J., & Bildea, C. S. (2001). Design procedure for safe operations in agitated batch reactors. AICHE Journal, 47(4), 920-928. https://doi.org/10.1002/aic.690470414

Design procedure for safe operations in agitated batch reactors. / Fortuin, J. M H; Heiszwolf, Johan J.; Bildea, Costin S.

In: AICHE Journal, Vol. 47, No. 4, 04.2001, p. 920-928.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fortuin, JMH, Heiszwolf, JJ & Bildea, CS 2001, 'Design procedure for safe operations in agitated batch reactors', AICHE Journal, vol. 47, no. 4, pp. 920-928. https://doi.org/10.1002/aic.690470414
Fortuin, J. M H ; Heiszwolf, Johan J. ; Bildea, Costin S. / Design procedure for safe operations in agitated batch reactors. In: AICHE Journal. 2001 ; Vol. 47, No. 4. pp. 920-928.
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