Detection in neuronal communications with finite channel state

Abolfazl Amiri, Sadaf Salehkalaibar, Behrouz Maham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Nano-networks are the key factors in developing future nano-machines. The use of molecules to transmit information in such networks is the subject of molecular communications. The future of the nano-networks depends on the development of the molecular communications. Neuro-synaptic communication, which models the data transmission in the body nervous system, is an important example of molecular communication. In this paper, we introduce a comprehensive channel model for the neuro-synaptic communication channel. Our model incorporates the effect of different channel states and spike rates that exist in the body nervous system. We propose a finite state Markov channel scheme for the communication system. This scheme has a two dimensional state space according to the neural firing rate and the number of available carrier resources. Next, we suggest an M-ary signaling scheme for the synaptic area that models the synaptic multi-site activity. In this activity, several neuronal endpoints participate in the neurotransmitter release process. Moreover, we obtain a closed-form solution for the detector at the destination neuron. Finally, we evaluate the decision rules in the detector with simulations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)60-69
Number of pages10
JournalNano Communication Networks
Volume13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2017

Keywords

  • Finite state Markov channel
  • MAP detector
  • Molecular communications
  • Neuro-synaptic communications

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics

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