Determination of air quality zones in Turkey

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9 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, the particulate matter (with an aerodynamic diameter <10 μm; PM10) profile of Turkey with data from the air quality monitoring stations located throughout the country was used. The number of stations (119) was reduced to 55 after a missing data treatment for statistical analyses. First, a classification method was developed based on ongoing national and international (European Commission directives) legislations to categorize air zones into six groups, from a "Very Clear Air Zone" to a "Polluted Air Zone." Then, a Geographic Information System (GIS)-based interpolation technique and statistical analyses (correlation analysis and factor analysis) were used to generate PM10 pollution profiles of the annual heating time and nonheating time periods. Finally, the coherent air pollution management zones of Turkey, based on air quality criteria and measured data using a GIS-based model supported by statistical analyses, were suggested. Based on the analysis, four hot spots were identified: (i) the eastern part of the Black Sea region; (ii) the northeastern part of inland Anatolia; (iii) the western part of Northeastern Anatolia; and (vi) the eastern part of Turkey. The possible reasons for the elevated PM10 levels are discussed using topographic, climatologic, land use, and energy utilization parameters. Finally, the suggested air zones were compared with the administrative air zones, which were newly developed by the Turkish Ministry of Environment and Forestry, to evaluate the level of agreement between the two. Implications: The evaluation of air quality profiles of specific regions is important in the development and/or application of an effective air quality management strategy. Factor analysis (FA), together with correlation analysis (CA), provides useful information to classify air pollution management areas over regional networks that have historical time-series air quality data. In this study, which relied on a FA- and CA-based methodology, the coherent air pollution management zones of Turkey after using a GIS-based model were suggested. Policy makers and scientist can use these suggested zones to construct better air quality management strategies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)408-419
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of the Air and Waste Management Association
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2012
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Medicine(all)

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