In this paper we consider the convection-diffusion problem of a passive scalar in Lagrangian coordinates, i.e., in a coordinate system fixed on fluid particles. Both the convection-diffusion partial differential equation and the Langevin equation are expressed in Lagrangian coordinates and are shown to be equivalent for uniform, isotropic diffusion. The Lagrangian diffusivity is proportional to the square of the relative change of surface area and is related to the Eulerian diffusivity through the deformation gradient tensor. Associated with the initial value problem, we relate the Eulerian to the Lagrangian effective diffusivities (net spreading), validate the relation for the case of linear flow fields, and infer a relation for general flow fields. Associated with the boundary value problem, if the scalar transport problem possesses a time-independent solution in Lagrangian coordinates and the boundary conditions are prescribed on a material surface/interface, then the net mass transport is proportional to the diffusion coefficient. This can be also shown to be true for large Ṕclet number and time-periodic flow fields, i.e., closed pathlines. This agrees with results for heat transfer at high Ṕclet numbers across closed streamlines.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry