Dissolution or growth of soluble spherical oscillating bubbles

Marios M. Fyrillas, Andrew J. Szeri

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177 Citations (Scopus)


A new theoretical formulation is presented for mass transport across the dynamic interface associated with a spherical bubble undergoing volume oscillations. As a consequence of the changing internal pressure of the bubble that accompanies volume oscillations, the concentration of the dissolved gas in the liquid at the interface undergoes large-amplitude oscillations. The convection-diffusion equations governing transport of dissolved gas in the liquid are written in Lagrangian coordinates to account for the moving domain. The Henry's law boundary condition is split into a constant and an oscillating part, yielding the smooth and the oscillatory problems respectively. The solution of the oscillatory problem is valid everywhere in the liquid but differs from zero only in a thin layer of the liquid in the neighbourhood of the bubble surface. The solution to the smooth problem is also valid everywhere in the liquid; it evolves via convection-enhanced diffusion on a slow timescale controlled by the Peclet number, assumed to be large. Both the oscillatory and smooth problems are treated by singular perturbation methods: the oscillatory problem by boundary-layer analysis, and the smooth problem by the method of multiple scales in time. Using this new formulation, expressions are developed for the concentration field outside a bubble undergoing arbitrary nonlinear periodic volume oscillations. In addition, the rate of growth or dissolution of the bubble is determined and compared with available experimental results. Finally, a new technique is described for computing periodically driven nonlinear bubble oscillations that depend on one or more physical parameters. This work extends a large body of previous work on rectified diffusion that has been restricted to the assumptions of infinitesimal bubble oscillations or of threshold conditions, or both. The new formulation represents the first self-consistent, analytical treatment of the depletion layer that accompanies nonlinear oscillating bubbles that grow via rectified diffusion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)381-407
Number of pages27
JournalJournal of Fluid Mechanics
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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