Recently, wind power production has been under the focus in generating power and became one of the main sources of alternative energy. Generating of maximum power from wind energy conversion system (WECS) requires accurate estimation of aerodynamic torque and uncertainties presented in the system. The current paper proposed the generalized high-order disturbance observer (GHODO) with integral sliding mode control (ISMC) for extraction of maximum power via variable speed wind turbine by accurate estimation of wind speed. The assumption in previous works that considers the aerodynamic torque as slow-varying is not applicable for the real system. Therefore, the high-order disturbance observers were designed for precise estimation of uncertainties with fast-changing behavior. A robust control system was designed to control the speed of the rotor at the optimal speed ratio. The obtained simulation results have shown the better performance characteristics than conventional linear quadratic regulator (LQR) approach. The stability of the proposed algorithm was proven by Lyapunov stability anaysis. Simulations results were obtained in Matlab/Simulink environment.
- high-order disturbance observer
- integral sliding mode control (ISMC)
- optimal tip speed ratio
- wind energy conversion systems (WECSs)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment