In the last decade, carbon dots (C-dots, CDs) or carbon quantum dots (CQDs) have attracted a considerable amount of attention from the scientific community as a low cost and biocompatible alternative to semiconductor quantum dots. In particular, doped C-dots have excellent fluorescent properties that have been successfully utilized for numerous applications. In this minireview, we overview the recent advances on the synthesis of doped C-dots derived from carbon-rich sources and their potential applications for biomedical and sensing applications. In addition, we will also discuss some challenges and outline some future perspectives of this exciting material.
- Carbon dots