Droplets evolution during ex situ dissolution technique for geological CO2 sequestration: Experimental and mathematical modelling

Sohrab Zendehboudi, Ali Shafiei, Alireza Bahadori, Yuri Leonenko, Ioannis Chatzis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • 8 Citations

Abstract

CO2 can flow upward and leak through thief zones due to buoyancy effect during geological sequestration. To tackle this issue, the ex situ dissolution (ESD) concept was introduced aiming at full dissolution of CO2 at the surface, before it is injected into the ground, to increase the storage capacity and lower the risk of leakage. A mathematical model for CO2 droplets evolution in the ESD process is presented, followed by an experimental investigation to verify the proposed model. The developed model accounts for the droplet break-up process and transient mass transfer involved in the ESD. A number of mathematical correlations were developed to compute the average droplet size, break-up frequency, and droplet population in a turbulent dispersion regime. Experimental and mathematical results revealed that a minimum stable CO2 droplet is achievable within a pipeline length of less than 50m if the CO2 volume fraction is in the range of 5-15% and the brine flow rate varies between 0.25 and 2.0Mt/yr. An acceptable agreement between the predicted and experimental droplet size distributions is observed. This study confirms that the ESD can reduce the leakage risk because of the formation of fine CO2 droplets.

LanguageEnglish
Pages201-214
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control
Volume13
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2013
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

droplet
Dissolution
dissolution
modeling
leakage
Buoyancy
buoyancy
brine
mass transfer
Volume fraction
Mass transfer
Pipelines
Flow rate
Mathematical models

Keywords

  • Break-up
  • CO sequestration
  • Droplet size
  • Ex situ dissolution
  • Turbulent flow

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pollution
  • Energy(all)
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this

Droplets evolution during ex situ dissolution technique for geological CO2 sequestration : Experimental and mathematical modelling. / Zendehboudi, Sohrab; Shafiei, Ali; Bahadori, Alireza; Leonenko, Yuri; Chatzis, Ioannis.

In: International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, Vol. 13, 01.03.2013, p. 201-214.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{8b467b5c0c974b93824b4b306eea097f,
title = "Droplets evolution during ex situ dissolution technique for geological CO2 sequestration: Experimental and mathematical modelling",
abstract = "CO2 can flow upward and leak through thief zones due to buoyancy effect during geological sequestration. To tackle this issue, the ex situ dissolution (ESD) concept was introduced aiming at full dissolution of CO2 at the surface, before it is injected into the ground, to increase the storage capacity and lower the risk of leakage. A mathematical model for CO2 droplets evolution in the ESD process is presented, followed by an experimental investigation to verify the proposed model. The developed model accounts for the droplet break-up process and transient mass transfer involved in the ESD. A number of mathematical correlations were developed to compute the average droplet size, break-up frequency, and droplet population in a turbulent dispersion regime. Experimental and mathematical results revealed that a minimum stable CO2 droplet is achievable within a pipeline length of less than 50m if the CO2 volume fraction is in the range of 5-15{\%} and the brine flow rate varies between 0.25 and 2.0Mt/yr. An acceptable agreement between the predicted and experimental droplet size distributions is observed. This study confirms that the ESD can reduce the leakage risk because of the formation of fine CO2 droplets.",
keywords = "Break-up, CO sequestration, Droplet size, Ex situ dissolution, Turbulent flow",
author = "Sohrab Zendehboudi and Ali Shafiei and Alireza Bahadori and Yuri Leonenko and Ioannis Chatzis",
year = "2013",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.ijggc.2012.12.004",
language = "English",
volume = "13",
pages = "201--214",
journal = "International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control",
issn = "1750-5836",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Droplets evolution during ex situ dissolution technique for geological CO2 sequestration

T2 - International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control

AU - Zendehboudi,Sohrab

AU - Shafiei,Ali

AU - Bahadori,Alireza

AU - Leonenko,Yuri

AU - Chatzis,Ioannis

PY - 2013/3/1

Y1 - 2013/3/1

N2 - CO2 can flow upward and leak through thief zones due to buoyancy effect during geological sequestration. To tackle this issue, the ex situ dissolution (ESD) concept was introduced aiming at full dissolution of CO2 at the surface, before it is injected into the ground, to increase the storage capacity and lower the risk of leakage. A mathematical model for CO2 droplets evolution in the ESD process is presented, followed by an experimental investigation to verify the proposed model. The developed model accounts for the droplet break-up process and transient mass transfer involved in the ESD. A number of mathematical correlations were developed to compute the average droplet size, break-up frequency, and droplet population in a turbulent dispersion regime. Experimental and mathematical results revealed that a minimum stable CO2 droplet is achievable within a pipeline length of less than 50m if the CO2 volume fraction is in the range of 5-15% and the brine flow rate varies between 0.25 and 2.0Mt/yr. An acceptable agreement between the predicted and experimental droplet size distributions is observed. This study confirms that the ESD can reduce the leakage risk because of the formation of fine CO2 droplets.

AB - CO2 can flow upward and leak through thief zones due to buoyancy effect during geological sequestration. To tackle this issue, the ex situ dissolution (ESD) concept was introduced aiming at full dissolution of CO2 at the surface, before it is injected into the ground, to increase the storage capacity and lower the risk of leakage. A mathematical model for CO2 droplets evolution in the ESD process is presented, followed by an experimental investigation to verify the proposed model. The developed model accounts for the droplet break-up process and transient mass transfer involved in the ESD. A number of mathematical correlations were developed to compute the average droplet size, break-up frequency, and droplet population in a turbulent dispersion regime. Experimental and mathematical results revealed that a minimum stable CO2 droplet is achievable within a pipeline length of less than 50m if the CO2 volume fraction is in the range of 5-15% and the brine flow rate varies between 0.25 and 2.0Mt/yr. An acceptable agreement between the predicted and experimental droplet size distributions is observed. This study confirms that the ESD can reduce the leakage risk because of the formation of fine CO2 droplets.

KW - Break-up

KW - CO sequestration

KW - Droplet size

KW - Ex situ dissolution

KW - Turbulent flow

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84872657322&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84872657322&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.ijggc.2012.12.004

DO - 10.1016/j.ijggc.2012.12.004

M3 - Article

VL - 13

SP - 201

EP - 214

JO - International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control

JF - International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control

SN - 1750-5836

ER -