Dynamics and control of a heat pump assisted azeotropic dividing-wall column for biobutanol purification

Iulian Patraşcu, Costin-Sorin Bildea, Anton A. Kiss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

An efficient downstream process has been developed for the acetone–butanol–ethanol (ABE), allowing about 60% energy savings as compared to a conventional separation sequence. This is achievable in an azeotropic dividing-wall column (A-DWC) coupled with a heat pump and applying heat integration. The energy use is reduced to only 2.7 MJ/kg butanol (or 7.5% of the energy content of butanol), but to take full advantage of the energy savings offered by this highly integrated process, the process must be also controllable. This work presents the dynamics and control of this novel A-DWC process used for biobutanol purification. A rigorous, pressure-driven dynamic simulation has been developed in Aspen Plus Dynamics. After adding the required PID controllers (e.g. flow, pressure, liquid level and temperature) to the base-case process, the system can handle small and short disturbances (e.g. 5% change of feed flow rate for 10 min.) but if the disturbance persists for a long time the process shuts down. To solve this problem, the controllability of the system is improved by adding an additional reboiler and condenser to control the temperature on the feed-side stripping section. Moreover, adding concentration controllers ensures that the products purity is kept constant when feed flowrate or composition disturbances occur.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)416-426
Number of pages11
JournalChemical Engineering Research and Design
Volume146
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2019

Fingerprint

Butanols
Distillation columns
Butenes
Purification
Energy conservation
Pumps
Reboilers
Controllers
Controllability
Flow rate
Temperature
Computer simulation
Liquids
Chemical analysis
Hot Temperature

Keywords

  • Distillation
  • Dividing-wall column
  • Downstream processing
  • Optimal design
  • Process control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

Dynamics and control of a heat pump assisted azeotropic dividing-wall column for biobutanol purification. / Patraşcu, Iulian; Bildea, Costin-Sorin; Kiss, Anton A.

In: Chemical Engineering Research and Design, Vol. 146, 01.06.2019, p. 416-426.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Patraşcu, Iulian ; Bildea, Costin-Sorin ; Kiss, Anton A. / Dynamics and control of a heat pump assisted azeotropic dividing-wall column for biobutanol purification. In: Chemical Engineering Research and Design. 2019 ; Vol. 146. pp. 416-426.
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