Dynamics of gender justice, conflict and social cohesion: Analysing educational reforms in Pakistan

Naureen Durrani, Anjum Halai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


This paper analyses the role of national level reforms in the school curriculum and initial teacher education in gender justice in conflict-affected Pakistan, using a multidisciplinary framework applied to multiple data sets from selected teacher education institutions in Sindh. The school curriculum texts analysed potentially perpetuate gender injustice and foster conflict. While teacher education reforms offer the potential for transformative gender justice, gender remains peripheral in initial teacher education curriculum. Furthermore, institutional practices entrench gendered norms. Lecturers’ and teachers’ limited understanding of their role and capacity for transformative gender justice pose challenges to education for gender justice, social cohesion and conflict mitigation. Informed by our understanding of gender as a social construct, multiple strategies within and beyond education are offered towards transformative gender justice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27-39
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Educational Development
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Conflict
  • Curriculum
  • Gender
  • Pakistan
  • Social cohesion
  • Teacher education

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Development
  • Sociology and Political Science


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