Dynamics of hospital admissions and all-cause mortality of HIV infected patients in Kazakhstan: data from unified nationwide electronic healthcare system 2014–2019

Kamilla Mussina, Anara Abbay, Yesbolat Sakko, Dmitriy Syssoyev, Arnur Gusmanov, Ainur Abdrakhmanova, Aiymkul Ashimkhanova, Abduzhappar Gaipov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background and objectivesAlthough global HIV pandemic has stabilized, it continues to rise in Eastern Europe and Central Asia due to exponential growth of newly acquired cases. Based on UNAIDS, there are currently 35,000 people living with HIV (PLWH) in Kazakhstan. This alarming HIV epidemiologic situation mandates urgent investigation of causes, routes of transmission and other characteristics in order to halt the epidemic. We aimed to analyze the data of all hospitalized patients for the period of 2014–2019 who tested positive for HIV from the Unified National Electronic Health System (UNEHS) of Kazakhstan.MethodsThis cohort study extracted data for all HIV positive patients during 2014–2019 from UNEHS of Kazakhstan to apply descriptive, Kaplan–Meier estimation, and Cox proportional hazards regression model. Crosscheck of the target population data was conducted with tuberculosis, viral hepatitis, alcohol abuse and intravenous drug user (IDU) cohorts in order to create a comprehensive database. All survival functions and factors associated with mortality were tested for significance.ResultsThe cohort population (n = 2,213) mean age was 33.3 ± 13.3 years with 1,375 males (62.1%) and 838 females (37.9%). Incidence rate decreased from 2.05 in 2014 to 1.88 in 2019, however, prevalence and mortality continues to escalate every year, the mortality raised significantly from 0.39 in 2014 to 0.97 in 2019. People aged >50 years, males, retired people, patients from tuberculosis hospital profile had much lower survival probabilities than the corresponding groups. Adjusted Cox regression model death hazard showed strong association of HIV patients with tuberculosis coinfection (HR 1.4, 95% CI 1.1; 1.7, p ConclusionThe results of this study demonstrate high rates of HIV mortality, strong association of HIV with TB coinfection, regional, age specific, gender, hospital profile and social status differences that significantly affect HIV prevalence. Since the prevalence of HIV is continuing to increase, more information is necessary for evaluation and implementation of prevention procedures.
Original languageEnglish
JournalFrontiers in Public Health
Volume11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Dynamics of hospital admissions and all-cause mortality of HIV infected patients in Kazakhstan: data from unified nationwide electronic healthcare system 2014–2019'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this