Effect of Aryl Substituents and Fluorine Addition on the Optoelectronic Properties and Organic Solar Cell Performance of a High Efficiency Indacenodithienothiophene-alt-Quinoxaline π-Conjugated Polymer

Elisavet Tatsi, Michael Spanos, Athanasios Katsouras, Benedetta M. Squeo, Olzhas Ibraikulov , Nicolas Zimmermann, Thomas Heiser, Patrick Lévêque, Vasilis G. Gregoriou, Apostolos Avgeropoulos, Nicolas Leclerc, Christos L. Chochos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

A series of donor-acceptor (D-A) π-conjugated polymers, based on indacenodithienothiophene (IDTT) as an electron-donating unit and quinoxaline as an electron-deficient moiety, are synthesized via a Pd-catalyzed Stille cross-coupling polymerization. Molecular characteristics, photovoltaic parameters, and optoelectronic properties are examined through structural differences corresponding to thienyl versus phenyl side group substitutions on the IDTT and the non-fluorinated versus the monofluoro quinoxaline derivatives. One of the most important outcome is that the power conversion efficiency (PCE) in the studied polymers is more device architecture dependent (conventional vs inverted) rather than chemical structure dependent. From single junction solar cells based on bulk heterojunction polymer:[6,6]-phenyl-C71-butyric acid methyl ester (PC71BM) systems as the active layer, a maximum PCE of 5.33% has been achieved from the polymer containing the thienyl substituent on the IDTT and one fluorine atom on the quinoxaline. This demonstrates that finding the optimum molecular weight of ThIDTT-QF or introducing the monofluoro-quinoxaline in a regioregular motif in the polymer backbone significantly higher PCE can be expected versus the fully optimized high performance PhIDTT-Q conjugated polymer.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1800418
JournalMacromolecular Chemistry and Physics
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

Keywords

  • indacenodithienothiophene
  • organic solar cells
  • quinoxaline
  • π-conjugated polymers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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