Effect of carbon-sulphur bond in a sulphur/dehydrogenated polyacrylonitrile/reduced graphene oxide composite cathode for lithium-sulphur batteries

Aishuak Konarov, Zhumabay Bakenov, Hitoshi Yashiro, Yang Kook Sun, Seung Taek Myung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A S/DPAN (dehydrogenated polyacrylonitrile) composite shows promising electrode performances as a cathode material for Li-S batteries though its electric conductivity is insufficient for high rate tests. In an attempt to enhance the electric conductivity, the S/DPAN composite is attached on reduced graphene oxide (rGO) sheets via self-assembling modification. As a result, the conductivity improves to ∼10−4 S cm−1, and the S/DPAN/rGO composite thereby delivers approximately 90% of the theoretical capacity of sulphur at a rate of 0.2C (0.34 A g−1) over 700 mAh (g-S)−1 even at 2C (3.4 A g−1). We first report on the C[sbnd]S bond between sulphur and DPAN in a composite that maintains the bond even after an extensive cycling test, as confirmed by time-of-flight secondary-ion mass spectroscopy (ToF-SIMS). These synergistic effects enable facile electron transport such that the S/DPAN/rGO composite electrode is able to maintain superior electrode performances.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)140-146
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume355
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Battery
  • Cathode
  • Dehydrogenated polyacrylonitrile
  • Lithium
  • Reduced graphene oxide
  • Sulphur

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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