Effect of Ketamine on Postoperative Neurocognitive Disorders: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Dmitriy Viderman, Mina Aubakirova, Fatima Nabidollayeva, Nurgul Yegembayeva, Federico Bilotta, Rafael Badenes, Yerkin Abdildin

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Neurocognitive alterations in the perioperative period might be caused by a wide variety of factors including pain, blood loss, hypotension, hypoxia, micro- and macroemboli, cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), reperfusion damage, and surgery itself, and all are risk factors for developing postoperative delirium (POD) and postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD). The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of ketamine on neurocognitive dysfunction after anesthesia.

METHODS: We conducted a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing ketamine use (experimental group) with placebo (controls).

RESULTS: The model favors the control group over the experimental group in terms of frequency of hallucinations (the risk ratio with 95% CI is 1.54 [1.09, 2.19], p-value = 0.02), the number of patients readmitted within 30 days (RR with 95% CI is 0.25 [0.09, 0.70]), and the number of adverse events (overall RR with 95% CI is 1.31 [1.06, 1.62]). In terms of morphine consumption, the model favors the experimental group.

CONCLUSION: There was no statistically significant difference in incidences of postoperative delirium, vasopressor requirement, and fentanyl consumption between the ketamine and control groups. However, hallucinations were more frequently reported in the ketamine group.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume12
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 27 2023

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