Effects of a Single Escape Mutation on T Cell and HIV-1 Co-adaptation

Xiaoming Sun, Yi Shi, Tomohiro Akahoshi, Mamoru Fujiwara, Hiroyuki Gatanaga, Christian Schönbach, Nozomi Kuse, Victor Appay, George F. Gao, Shinichi Oka, Masafumi Takiguchi

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    10 Citations (Scopus)


    The mechanistic basis for the progressive accumulation of Y135F Nef mutant viruses in the HIV-1-infected population remains poorly understood. Y135F viruses carry the 2F mutation within RW8 and RF10, which are two HLA-A*24:02-restricted superimposed Nef epitopes recognized by distinct and adaptable CD8+ T cell responses. We combined comprehensive analysis of the T cell receptor repertoire and cross-reactive potential of wild-type or 2F RW8- and RF10-specific CD8+ T cells with peptide-MHC complex stability and crystal structure studies. We find that, by affecting direct and water-mediated hydrogen bond networks within the peptide-MHC complex, the 2F mutation reduces both TCR and HLA binding. This suggests an advantage underlying the evolution of the 2F variant with decreased CD8+ T cell efficacy. Our study provides a refined understanding of HIV-1 and CD8+ T cell co-adaptation at the population level.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2279-2291
    Number of pages13
    JournalCell Reports
    Issue number10
    Publication statusPublished - Jun 7 2016

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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