Effects of diffusion and topological factors on the efficiency of energy coupling in chloroplasts with heterogeneous partitioning of protein complexes in thylakoids of Grana and Stroma. A mathematical model

A. V. Vershubskii, V. I. Priklonskii, A. N. Tikhonov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this work, we studied theoretically the effects of diffusion restrictions and topological factors that could influence the efficiency of energy coupling in the heterogeneous lamellar system of higher plant chloroplasts. Our computations are based on a mathematical model for electron and proton transport in chloroplasts coupled to ATP synthesis in chloroplasts that takes into account the nonuniform distribution of electron transport and ATP synthase complexes in the thylakoids of grana and stroma. Numerical experiments allowed the lateral profiles of pH in the thylakoid lumen and in the narrow gap between grana thylakoids to be simulated under different metabolic conditions (in the state of photosynthetic control and under conditions of photophosphorylation). This model also provided an opportunity to simulate the effects of steric constraints (the extent of appression of thylakoids in grana) on the rates of non-cyclic electron transport and ATP synthesis. This model demonstrated that there might be two mechanisms of regulation of electron and proton transport in chloroplasts: 1) slowing down of non-cyclic electron transport due to a decrease in the intra-thylakoid pH, and 2) retardation of plasto-quinone reduction due to slow diffusion of protons inside the narrow gap between the thylakoids of grana. Numerical experiments for model systems that differ with respect to the arrangement of thylakoids in grana allowed the effects of osmolarity on the photophosphorylation rate in chloroplasts to be explained.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1016-1024
Number of pages9
JournalBiochemistry (Moscow)
Volume69
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2004
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Thylakoids
Chloroplasts
Protons
Theoretical Models
Adenosine Triphosphate
Mathematical models
Electron Transport
Proteins
Electrons
Experiments
Photophosphorylation
Osmolar Concentration

Keywords

  • Chloroplasts
  • Electron transport
  • Lateral heterogeneity
  • Mathematical modeling
  • Photophosphorylation
  • Proton transport

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Biochemistry

Cite this

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abstract = "In this work, we studied theoretically the effects of diffusion restrictions and topological factors that could influence the efficiency of energy coupling in the heterogeneous lamellar system of higher plant chloroplasts. Our computations are based on a mathematical model for electron and proton transport in chloroplasts coupled to ATP synthesis in chloroplasts that takes into account the nonuniform distribution of electron transport and ATP synthase complexes in the thylakoids of grana and stroma. Numerical experiments allowed the lateral profiles of pH in the thylakoid lumen and in the narrow gap between grana thylakoids to be simulated under different metabolic conditions (in the state of photosynthetic control and under conditions of photophosphorylation). This model also provided an opportunity to simulate the effects of steric constraints (the extent of appression of thylakoids in grana) on the rates of non-cyclic electron transport and ATP synthesis. This model demonstrated that there might be two mechanisms of regulation of electron and proton transport in chloroplasts: 1) slowing down of non-cyclic electron transport due to a decrease in the intra-thylakoid pH, and 2) retardation of plasto-quinone reduction due to slow diffusion of protons inside the narrow gap between the thylakoids of grana. Numerical experiments for model systems that differ with respect to the arrangement of thylakoids in grana allowed the effects of osmolarity on the photophosphorylation rate in chloroplasts to be explained.",
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AU - Priklonskii, V. I.

AU - Tikhonov, A. N.

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N2 - In this work, we studied theoretically the effects of diffusion restrictions and topological factors that could influence the efficiency of energy coupling in the heterogeneous lamellar system of higher plant chloroplasts. Our computations are based on a mathematical model for electron and proton transport in chloroplasts coupled to ATP synthesis in chloroplasts that takes into account the nonuniform distribution of electron transport and ATP synthase complexes in the thylakoids of grana and stroma. Numerical experiments allowed the lateral profiles of pH in the thylakoid lumen and in the narrow gap between grana thylakoids to be simulated under different metabolic conditions (in the state of photosynthetic control and under conditions of photophosphorylation). This model also provided an opportunity to simulate the effects of steric constraints (the extent of appression of thylakoids in grana) on the rates of non-cyclic electron transport and ATP synthesis. This model demonstrated that there might be two mechanisms of regulation of electron and proton transport in chloroplasts: 1) slowing down of non-cyclic electron transport due to a decrease in the intra-thylakoid pH, and 2) retardation of plasto-quinone reduction due to slow diffusion of protons inside the narrow gap between the thylakoids of grana. Numerical experiments for model systems that differ with respect to the arrangement of thylakoids in grana allowed the effects of osmolarity on the photophosphorylation rate in chloroplasts to be explained.

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