The effect of Mg2+-ions on the physical state of thylakoid membrane and kinetics of electron transport between two photosystems were studied. The rate of electron transport from photosystem 2 to P700+ and the activity of photosystem 2 were obtained from the kinetics of P700 redox transients induced by flashes of white light (t1/2 = 7 musec or 0.75 msec) fired simultaneously with the background continuous far-red light (707 nm). The spin-labeled stearic acids (I1.14 and I12.3) were used as indicators of Mg2+-induced structural changes. Addition of MgCl2 stimulates incorporation of spin-labels into the lipid region of the thylakoid membrane. It was found that Mg2+-ions modify the ESR spectrum of I12.3. The results evidence that the screening of charged groups on the thylakoid membrane surface induces structural changes in the lipid region of the membrane. We have concluded that these structural changes result in reorientation of lipid molecules in the thylakoid membrane. There is a correlation between Mg2+-induced structural changes and electron transport in chloroplasts. Addition of Mg2+-ions stimulates the photochemical activity of photosystem 2 by increasing the amount of active reaction centres and modifies the rate constant of electron transport from photosystem 2 to P700+. It has been demonstrated that ion regulation of electron transport in more effective in the oxidising side than in the reducing side of plastoquinone shuttle.
|Translated title of the contribution||Electron paramagnetic study of electron transport in photosynthetic systems. X. Effect of magnesium ions on the structural state of thylakoid membranes and the kinetics of electron transport between the two photosystems in bean chloroplasts|
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 1 1980|
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