Energy efficient methanol-to-olefins process

Alexandre C. Dimian, Costin-Sorin Bildea

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper deals with the conceptual design of an energy efficient and cost-effective methanol-to-olefin (MTO) process. The innovative solution consists in full recovery of the energy generated by reaction. The reactor effluent enthalpy can cover feed preheating, evaporation and superheating in a sequence of three feed-effluent-heat exchanger units. The novel method employs mechanical vapour compression for upgrading the temperature/enthalpy profile of the condensing water/hydrocarbon mixture, recovering a considerable amount of energy, otherwise lost by water quenching. Saved energy may pay back the compressor cost in about one year. The energy released in the reactor is used for running a combined heat and power cycle. The power is sufficient for driving the compressors, while the low-pressure steam may run an ammonia-absorption refrigeration plant that supplies most of the cold utilities in separations. The olefin separation and purification is handled in a compact scheme of five columns, energetically integrated with the reaction and preliminary separation sections. The ethylene/propylene splitter is designed for high recovery and flexible operation. Heat pump is implemented for propylene purification. Rigorous sizing is performed for the key units. Operation and capital costs are minimised since the design is almost neutral regarding energy requirements and employs a minimum number of units.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-54
Number of pages14
JournalChemical Engineering Research and Design
Volume131
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2018

Fingerprint

Alkenes
Olefins
Methanol
Propylene
Purification
Compressors
Effluents
Enthalpy
Absorption refrigeration
Costs
Recovery
Water
Preheating
Steam
Hydrocarbons
Conceptual design
Ammonia
Heat exchangers
Quenching
Ethylene

Keywords

  • Chemical process design
  • Computer-aided process engineering
  • Energy saving
  • Methanol-to-olefin process
  • Process systems engineering

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

Energy efficient methanol-to-olefins process. / Dimian, Alexandre C.; Bildea, Costin-Sorin.

In: Chemical Engineering Research and Design, Vol. 131, 01.03.2018, p. 41-54.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Dimian, Alexandre C. ; Bildea, Costin-Sorin. / Energy efficient methanol-to-olefins process. In: Chemical Engineering Research and Design. 2018 ; Vol. 131. pp. 41-54.
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