Enhanced biobutanol separation by a heat pump assisted azeotropic dividing-wall column

Iulian Patrascu, Costin-Sorin Bildea, Anton A. Kiss

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Stronger sustainability needs for the production of fuels and chemicals have spurred extensive research to substitute fossil fuel sources by renewable sources. Yet, the major cost of biorefineries is in the downstream processing. This issue has to be addressed properly to make biofuels an economically viable alternative. As a renewable fuel, biobutanol is produced from biomass feedstocks. But after the fermentation step it has a very low concentration (less than 3 %wt) that leads to high energy requirements for onventional downstream separation. To reduce the energy penalty, we describe here a new hybrid separation process based on a heat pump assisted azeotropic dividing-wall column (A-DWC). CAPE tools and Pinch analysis were used for the process synthesis, design and optimization of the process. The plant capacity considered here is 40 ktpy butanol (99.4 %wt). Remarkably, the energy requirement for butanol separation using heat integration and vapour recompression assisted A-DWC is reduced by 58% from 6.3 to 2.7 MJ/kg butanol.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationChemical Engineering Transactions
PublisherItalian Association of Chemical Engineering - AIDIC
Pages205-210
Number of pages6
Volume69
ISBN (Print)9788895608662
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2018

Fingerprint

Butanols
Butenes
Pumps
Biofuels
Fossil fuels
Fermentation
Feedstocks
Sustainable development
Biomass
Vapors
Processing
Hot Temperature
Costs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

Patrascu, I., Bildea, C-S., & Kiss, A. A. (2018). Enhanced biobutanol separation by a heat pump assisted azeotropic dividing-wall column. In Chemical Engineering Transactions (Vol. 69, pp. 205-210). Italian Association of Chemical Engineering - AIDIC. https://doi.org/10.3303/CET1869035

Enhanced biobutanol separation by a heat pump assisted azeotropic dividing-wall column. / Patrascu, Iulian; Bildea, Costin-Sorin; Kiss, Anton A.

Chemical Engineering Transactions. Vol. 69 Italian Association of Chemical Engineering - AIDIC, 2018. p. 205-210.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Patrascu, I, Bildea, C-S & Kiss, AA 2018, Enhanced biobutanol separation by a heat pump assisted azeotropic dividing-wall column. in Chemical Engineering Transactions. vol. 69, Italian Association of Chemical Engineering - AIDIC, pp. 205-210. https://doi.org/10.3303/CET1869035
Patrascu I, Bildea C-S, Kiss AA. Enhanced biobutanol separation by a heat pump assisted azeotropic dividing-wall column. In Chemical Engineering Transactions. Vol. 69. Italian Association of Chemical Engineering - AIDIC. 2018. p. 205-210 https://doi.org/10.3303/CET1869035
Patrascu, Iulian ; Bildea, Costin-Sorin ; Kiss, Anton A. / Enhanced biobutanol separation by a heat pump assisted azeotropic dividing-wall column. Chemical Engineering Transactions. Vol. 69 Italian Association of Chemical Engineering - AIDIC, 2018. pp. 205-210
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