ESR dosimetry study of population in the vicinity of the Semipalatinsk Nuclear Test Site.

Kassym Zhumadilov, Alexander Ivannikov, Valeriy Stepanenko, Dinara Zharlyganova, Shin Toyoda, Zhaxybay Zhumadilov, Masaharu Hoshi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A tooth enamel electron spin resonance (ESR) dosimetry study was carried out with the purpose of obtaining the individual absorbed radiation doses of population from settlements in the Semipalatinsk region of Kazakhstan, which was exposed to radioactive fallout traces from nuclear explosions in the Semipalatinsk Nuclear Test Site and Lop Nor test base, China. Most of the settlements are located near the central axis of radioactive fallout trace from the most contaminating surface nuclear test, which was conducted on 29 August 1949, with the maximum detected excess dose being 430 ± 93 mGy. A maximum dose of 268 ± 79 mGy was determined from the settlements located close to radioactive fallout trace resulting from surface nuclear tests on 24 August 1956 (Ust-Kamenogorsk, Znamenka, Shemonaikha, Glubokoe, Tavriya and Gagarino). An accidental dose of 56 ± 42 mGy was found in Kurchatov city residents located close to fallout trace after the nuclear test on 7 August 1962. This method was applied to human tooth enamel to obtain individual absorbed doses of residents of the Makanchi, Urdzhar and Taskesken settlements located near the Kazakhstan-Chinese border due to the influence of nuclear tests (1964-1981) at Lop Nor. The highest dose was 123 ± 32 mGy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)775-779
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Radiation Research
Volume54
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2013
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Radioactive Fallout
Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy
Kazakhstan
dosimeters
electron paramagnetic resonance
fallout
Dental Enamel
dosage
Tooth
Population
enamels
Explosions
teeth
China
Radiation
nuclear explosions
borders
radiation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiation
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

Zhumadilov, K., Ivannikov, A., Stepanenko, V., Zharlyganova, D., Toyoda, S., Zhumadilov, Z., & Hoshi, M. (2013). ESR dosimetry study of population in the vicinity of the Semipalatinsk Nuclear Test Site. Journal of Radiation Research, 54(4), 775-779.

ESR dosimetry study of population in the vicinity of the Semipalatinsk Nuclear Test Site. / Zhumadilov, Kassym; Ivannikov, Alexander; Stepanenko, Valeriy; Zharlyganova, Dinara; Toyoda, Shin; Zhumadilov, Zhaxybay; Hoshi, Masaharu.

In: Journal of Radiation Research, Vol. 54, No. 4, 01.07.2013, p. 775-779.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zhumadilov, K, Ivannikov, A, Stepanenko, V, Zharlyganova, D, Toyoda, S, Zhumadilov, Z & Hoshi, M 2013, 'ESR dosimetry study of population in the vicinity of the Semipalatinsk Nuclear Test Site.', Journal of Radiation Research, vol. 54, no. 4, pp. 775-779.
Zhumadilov K, Ivannikov A, Stepanenko V, Zharlyganova D, Toyoda S, Zhumadilov Z et al. ESR dosimetry study of population in the vicinity of the Semipalatinsk Nuclear Test Site. Journal of Radiation Research. 2013 Jul 1;54(4):775-779.
Zhumadilov, Kassym ; Ivannikov, Alexander ; Stepanenko, Valeriy ; Zharlyganova, Dinara ; Toyoda, Shin ; Zhumadilov, Zhaxybay ; Hoshi, Masaharu. / ESR dosimetry study of population in the vicinity of the Semipalatinsk Nuclear Test Site. In: Journal of Radiation Research. 2013 ; Vol. 54, No. 4. pp. 775-779.
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