The multiphase flow (including liquid flow and air flow) in unsaturated soil is related to many engineering problems such as contaminant transport, rainwater infiltration, and soil-water evaporation. It is proven that water flow in unsaturated soil can be estimated using the concept of the pore-size distribution function. Many models have been proposed to estimate the water flow or water permeability function, kw, from the soil-water characteristic curve (SWCC). On the other hand, a limited model has been proposed to estimate the air flow or air permeability function, ka, from the SWCC. Most of the models used for the estimation of the air permeability functions are empirical, and they are dependent on the empirical parameters. In this paper, the relative air coefficient of permeability was estimated using the concept of the pore-size distribution function. In the method proposed in this paper, no empirical parameters were adopted, and the estimation results purely depended on the soil-water characteristic curve. The proposed method was verified against experimental data from published literature.
- Air permeability function
- Pore-size distribution function
- Soil-water characteristic curve
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Civil and Structural Engineering