European cultural diplomacy: diaspora relations with Kazakhstan

Neil Collins, Kristina Bekenova

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Cultural diplomacy using diasporic communities as facilitators of interaction between states has long been important. This article suggests a typology of networks of communication derived from a case study of long-established diasporas living in post-independence Kazakhstan and their relationship with their European ‘homelands’. The typology juxtaposes the official stance of homeland governments expressed in formal and legal provisions with the lived experience of the diaspora communities. The study highlights the benefits of developing vibrant ‘valued’ networks of communication embracing both local diasporas and homeland embassies and agencies. In such cases, diplomatic benefits accrue to the homeland and local communities are empowered. Similarly, failing to capitalise on positive sentiment with some infrastructural support may leave an ‘expressive’ network as one of neglected potential.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)732-750
Number of pages19
JournalInternational Journal of Cultural Policy
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2 2017


  • Diaspora
  • European Union member states
  • Kazakhstan
  • cultural diplomacy
  • network of communication

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cultural Studies
  • Sociology and Political Science

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