Phase change materials have been applied to a building framework to decrease energy and fossil fuel consumption as well as make the building sector more sustainable. Lightweight structures are attractive and increasingly being used in residential buildings. Hence, in this research, the energy efficiency and thermal performance of buildings located in eight various cities (Helsinki, Kiev, Saint Petersburg, Moscow, Stockholm, Toronto, Montreal, and Kiev) of warm summer humid continental climate (Dfb) were evaluated. The impact of heating and cooling energy savings pattern on the selection of optimum phase change material for each city has been demonstrated. In addition, the impact of volume of PCM, precisely the effect of varying and constant volume, on energy savings was assessed for the lightweight steel-framed building. Simulations were performed in EnergyPlus by applying eleven melting temperature ranges of PCM. Test results demonstrated that energy savings were higher in the swing season and the maximum temperature reduced during these months was 3.3°C. Heating and cooling energy savings were found to strongly influence the selection of optimum PCM. In cities where cooling energy savings were the highest, the optimum PCMs were PCMs 24-26 while in cities where heating energy savings were the highest, the optimum PCM was found to be PCM 21. For constant volume, the performance of optimum PCM raised when the surface area was enlarged, while the thickness of PCM was reduced. Overall, the application of PCM into lightweight steel-framed residential structure located in warm summer humid continental climate region is a feasible option.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)