Evaluation of interphase drag models for the determination of gas hold-up of an air-water system in a spouted bed using CFD

Jaime A.Riera Ortiz, Susana Zeppieri, Luis Rojas-Solorzano, Sylvana Derjani-Bayeh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The hydrodynamics of a dispersed air-water system within a spouted column with a concentric draft tube and a conical base is simulated using CFD based on a two-fluid Euler-Euler (E-E) modeling framework and k-ε two-equation turbulence closure. The interaction between the dispersed gas phase and the continuous liquid phase is characterized by bubble-liquid interphase forces (drag, turbulent dispersion and lift forces). The Ishii-Zuber drag model [1] and Grace adjusted drag model [2], the latter represented by: CD Grace,dense = υgpCGrace, are compared for their capability to match experimental gas hold-up. Numerical results of Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes equations with k-ε two-equation turbulence closure model when compared with Pironti experimental data [3] indicated that both drag models, predicted the air hold-up within experimental errors. Furthermore, Ishii-Zuber liquid-gas drag model consistently provided better agreement with experimental results; it correctly determines the hold-up within 0.14%. Numerical agreement with adjusted Grace liquid-gas drag model, is exponent dependent (4 ≤ p ≤-0.5), turning down that the best computed hold-up is within 0.44% for p=0.5.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)269-281
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Computational Methods in Sciences and Engineering
Volume12
Issue number4-6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Keywords

  • CFD
  • holdup
  • interfacial drag models
  • k-ε
  • spouted bed column

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computational Mathematics

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