Exact statistical mechanics of some classical 1D systems

Tassos Bountis, Robert H.G. Helleman

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Abstract

The classical partition function QN is calculated in closed form for the following 1D N-body "hard-core" potentials, V = Σ i = 1N (gxi + b/|xi - x i-1|), i.e., a Coulomb nearest neighbor "chain" in a uniform field, and V = (1/2)Σi = 0N Σ j = 0N exp (|xi - xj|), a "fluid" with exponential interactions. The QN for both systems is separated into a product of N, similar, tractable integrals each depending on a different value of the index i. All thermodynamic variables are obtained in closed form. In the limit, as N→∞, most of them do not linearly increase with the size of the system, i.e., they are not "extensive." This is also discussed in terms of the "stability" and "temperedness" properties of the potentials. Nevertheless, both systems do have a heat capacity which is "extensive."

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)477-481
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Mathematical Physics
Volume19
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 1977

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Mathematical Physics

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