Excavation and support design of the Dicle-Kralkizi water tunnel: An overview

Mustafa Ayhan, Erkan Topal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Tunneling projects have their uniqueness in terms of engineering problems. The expertise gained from analyzing these projects establishes a sound basis for future application. This paper conveys experiences gained during the construction and support of the design of the Dicle-Kralkizi water tunnel, Turkey. Tunnel stability problems including overbreaks and surface subsidence are evaluated. An analysis of the breakdowns, factors controlling advance rate and the overall performance of tunnel are covered. The accumulated information presented here is believed to be useful and reliable for a successful tunnel excavation in similar formations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81-87
Number of pages7
JournalTunnelling and Underground Space Technology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2005


  • Shallow tunnel
  • Tunnel excavation
  • Tunnel stability and geology
  • Tunnel support
  • Water tunnel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Building and Construction
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Excavation and support design of the Dicle-Kralkizi water tunnel: An overview'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this