Non-catalysed growth methodologies of carbon nanomaterial synthesis can represent lower costs and greener approaches and cause less damage to the nanomaterial. During the carbonisation of a polyacrylonitrile-based co-polymer, carbon nanofibres (CNFs) and single-and multi-layer graphenes (SLG and MLG) are generated. The accumulated fragmentation products of the co-polymer coalesce to form CNFs that radiate away from the monolith, whose dimensions are linked to their template growth along crests, which were formed from the out-gassing of volatile products of the polymer during the stabilisation step. The slight shrinkage of the carbonising monolith also leads to exfoliation of larger areas of the surface yielding single-and multi-layered graphenes. These results reveal a potentially useful process for the facile production of carbon nanomaterials.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)