According to Hudson's theorem, any pure quantum state with a positive Wigner function is necessarily a Gaussian state. Here, we make a step toward the extension of this theorem to mixed quantum states by finding upper and lower bounds on the degree of non-Gaussianity of states with positive Wigner functions. The bounds are expressed in the form of parametric functions relating the degree of non-Gaussianity of a state, its purity, and the purity of the Gaussian state characterized by the same covariance matrix. Although our bounds are not tight, they permit us to visualize the set of states with positive Wigner functions.
|Journal||Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 3 2009|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics