The design, fabrication, and electrical characterization of enhancement-mode HEMTs (E-HEMTs) and depletion-mode HEMTs (D-HEMTs) on a common InP substrate are reported. The integration of E- and D-HEMTs (E/D-HEMTs) is a potentially useful technology for the realization of high-speed, low-power digital circuits. The layer structures for E/D-HEMTs were optimized in terms of the thicknesses of the spacer and Schottky layers and sheet carrier concentration in the channel. The buried-Pt gate technology was utilized to achieve the desired threshold voltages for both 0.15 μm gate E- and D-HEMTs. The fabricated devices exhibited threshold voltages of -0.3 and 0.1 V, peak transconductance (Gm,max) values that are higher than 1020 and 1050 mS/mm, and the voltages where the peak transconductances occurred (Vgp) were 0.0 and 0.4 V for D- and E-HEMTs, respectively. Unity gain cut-off frequencies (fT's) above 190 and 180 GHz were obtained for D-HEMTs and E-HEMTs, respectively.
- Depletion-mode HEMT
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Materials Chemistry