Flexural and split cylinder strengths of HSC at elevated temperatures

R. V. Balendran, Abid Nadeem, Tayyab Maqsood, H. Y. Leung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


This paper investigates the effect of elevated temperature on the flexural strength (FS) and split cylinder strength (SCS) of high strength concrete (HSC). Four concrete mixes of 50, 90, 110, and 130 MPa grade were prepared and subjected to elevated temperature exposure of 200°C and 400°C, and cooled under slow and quick cooling conditions. In addition, 130 MPa grade concrete specimens were also subjected to 100°C and 600°C exposure temperatures to compare FS and SCS under elevated temperatures. It was observed that with the increase in the elevated temperature, the FS and SCS experienced significant losses. The loss was found to be higher for richer concretes. FS was observed to experience a sharp loss at low temperatures that became gradual later at high temperatures. SCS, however, experienced a gradual loss, though sharper than FS, with the increase in temperature. The results indicated that cooling had a significant effect on the residual values and quick cooling caused greater loss in FS and SCS, than slow cooling at elevated temperatures. The quick cooling was noted to produce maximum loss over slow cooling at temperatures around 400°C.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47-61
Number of pages15
JournalFire Technology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2003


  • Elevated temperatures
  • Flexural strength
  • High strength concrete
  • Quick cooling
  • Slow cooling
  • Split cylinder strength

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

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