Focusing of the flow capture for local exhaust ventilation systems

S. Y. Spotar, A. L. Sorokin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Problem statement: The extraction hoods commonly used as inlet element of the local ventilation systems exhibit limited emission capture over moderate distances from the source of the hazardous emissions. Proposed inclusion of a swirling peripheral jet was found to increase the effective length over which the extraction hood successfully captures harmful fumes. However information on a detailed pattern field of the vortex focused inflow was insufficient thus restricting the potential applications of the method. Approach: The numerical modeling study of the focusing by vortex inflow was accomplished to reveal the implication of the key operating parameters. In addition the visualization technique was applied to confirm the fume capturing features. Results: The simulated overall flow field patterns for an inflow of 10 m sec-1 value under sets of 0.5-1.5 swirl numbers and 0- 21 m sec-1 outcome velocities of peripheral jet showed the arrangement and contour of the capture stream. Under optimum parameters the capture zone derived from the vector velocity field yielded up to 4 inlet diameters near-axis distance from the extractor entrance. The complimentary observations using laser sheet visualization technique confirmed the enhanced capturing capacity from the mist or smoke sources of emission. Conclusion: Through numerical modeling study the capacity of peripheral vortex shielding to generate the more concentrated exhaust inflow comparing with action of the conventional hood has been elucidated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)732-738
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Applied Sciences
Volume7
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Keywords

  • Capturing flow
  • Local ventilation
  • Numerical modeling
  • Vortex suction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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