Forward kinematics modelling of a parallel ankle rehabilitation robot using modified fuzzy inference

P. K. Jamwal, S. Q. Xie, Y. H. Tsoi, K. C. Aw

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

67 Citations (Scopus)


This article deals with forward kinematics (FK) mapping of a parallel robot, especially designed for ankle joint rehabilitation treatments. Parallel robots exhibit highly coupled non-linear motions hence conventionally a unique closed form solution of their FK cannot be obtained. However, since FK is a key module in closed loop position and force control, its accurate and fast solution is indispensable. To solve the FK problem, a modified fuzzy inference system (FIS) is proposed in this paper for the first time which is time efficient and becomes very accurate when its parameters are optimized. In the proposed work, FIS has been optimized using three approaches namely: gradient descent (GD), genetic algorithm (GA) and modified genetic algorithm (MGA). The FIS, optimized by MGA has been found to be more accurate than the GD and GA optimized FIS. Performance of the MGA based fuzzy system has been found better both in terms of accuracy and computation time, when compared with Newton-Raphson iterative method and other fuzzy and neural approaches.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1537-1554
Number of pages18
JournalMechanism and Machine Theory
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2010


  • Forward kinematics
  • Fuzzy inference system
  • Modified genetic algorithm
  • Newton-Raphson method
  • Parallel robots

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications

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