Four-dimensional Gallant-Lambert-Vanstone scalar multiplication

Patrick Longa, Francesco Sica

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The GLV method of Gallant, Lambert and Vanstone (CRYPTO 2001) computes any multiple kP of a point P of prime order n lying on an elliptic curve with a low-degree endomorphism Φ (called GLV curve) over double-struck F p as kP = k1P + k2Φ(P), with max{|k 1|, |k2|} ≤ C1√n, for some explicit constant C1 > 0. Recently, Galbraith, Lin and Scott (EUROCRYPT 2009) extended this method to all curves over double-struck Fp2 which are twists of curves defined over double-struck Fp. We show in this work how to merge the two approaches in order to get, for twists of any GLV curve over double-struck Fp2 , a four-dimensional decomposition together with fast endomorphisms Φ, Ψ over double-struck Fp2 acting on the group generated by a point P of prime order n, resulting in a proven decomposition for any scalar k ∈ [1, n] given by kP = k1P + k2Φ(P) + k3Ψ(P) + k4ΨΦ(P) with maxi(|ki|) < C2 n1/4, for some explicit C2 < 0. Remarkably, taking the best C1, C2, we obtain C2/C1 < 412, independently of the curve, ensuring in theory an almost constant relative speedup. In practice, our experiments reveal that the use of the merged GLV-GLS approach supports a scalar multiplication that runs up to 50% times faster than the original GLV method. We then improve this performance even further by exploiting the Twisted Edwards model and show that curves originally slower may become extremely efficient on this model. In addition, we analyze the performance of the method on a multicore setting and describe how to efficiently protect GLV-based scalar multiplication against several side-channel attacks. Our implementations improve the state-of-the-art performance of point multiplication for a variety of scenarios including side-channel protected and unprotected cases with sequential and multicore execution.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances in Cryptology, ASIACRYPT 2012 - 18th International Conference on the Theory and Application of Cryptology and Information Security, Proceedings
Pages718-739
Number of pages22
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Event18th International Conference on the Theory and Application of Cryptology and Information Security, ASIACRYPT 2012 - Beijing, China
Duration: Dec 2 2012Dec 6 2012

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume7658 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349

Other

Other18th International Conference on the Theory and Application of Cryptology and Information Security, ASIACRYPT 2012
CountryChina
CityBeijing
Period12/2/1212/6/12

Keywords

  • Elliptic curves
  • GLV-GLS method
  • Multicore computation
  • Scalar multiplication
  • Side-channel protection
  • Twisted Edwards curve

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Computer Science(all)

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  • Cite this

    Longa, P., & Sica, F. (2012). Four-dimensional Gallant-Lambert-Vanstone scalar multiplication. In Advances in Cryptology, ASIACRYPT 2012 - 18th International Conference on the Theory and Application of Cryptology and Information Security, Proceedings (pp. 718-739). (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics); Vol. 7658 LNCS). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-34961-4_43