From mechanical to biological oscillator networks

The role of long range interactions

T. Bountis

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The study of one-dimensional particle networks of Classical Mechanics, through Hamiltonian models, has taught us a lot about oscillations of particles coupled to each other by nearest neighbor (short range) interactions. Recently, however, a careful analysis of the role of long range interactions (LRI) has shown that several widely accepted notions concerning chaos and the approach to thermal equilibrium need to be modified, since LRI strongly affects the statistics of certain very interesting, long lasting metastable states. On the other hand, when LRI (in the form of non-local or all-to-all coupling) was introduced in systems of biological oscillators, Kuramoto’s theory of synchronization was developed and soon thereafter researchers studied amplitude and phase oscillations in networks of FitzHugh Nagumo and Hindmarsh Rose (HR) neuron models. In these models certain fascinating phenomena called chimera states were discovered where populations of synchronous and asynchronous oscillators are seen to coexist in the same system. Currently, their synchronization properties are being widely investigated in HR mathematical models as well as realistic neural networks, similar to what one finds in simple living organisms like the C.elegans worm.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1017-1035
Number of pages19
JournalEuropean Physical Journal: Special Topics
Volume225
Issue number6-7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2016

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oscillators
Synchronization
Hamiltonians
synchronism
interactions
Chaos theory
oscillations
worms
Neurons
classical mechanics
Mechanics
neurons
organisms
Statistics
metastable state
Mathematical models
Neural networks
chaos
mathematical models
statistics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

From mechanical to biological oscillator networks : The role of long range interactions. / Bountis, T.

In: European Physical Journal: Special Topics, Vol. 225, No. 6-7, 01.09.2016, p. 1017-1035.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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