From the Faith of Lamas to Global Buddhism: The Construction of Buddhist Tradition in Russian Trans-Baikal from the Eighteenth to the Early Twentieth Century

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The article invites readers to reconsider the history of Buddhism in Russian Trans-Baikal as a gradual process of negotiation and redefinition that involved different actors: lamas, Russian imperial officials of various levels, Orthodox missionaries, Buriat national activists, Saint Petersburg Orientologists, modern Buddhist reformers and conservatives. The process involved the construction of the centralized and subordinated confessional group out of scattered communities of lamas in the course of the nineteenth century, Irkutsk Orthodox Diocese’s attempts first to downgrade the faith of lamas to idol-worship and then to normalize ‘corrupted Buddhism’, “discovery” of the larger Buddhist world by some Buriat lamas and their attempts to bring it back to ‘authentic forms’. The article shows what exactly have brought Russian officials and then Buriat Buddhist themselves to the idea that their religious tradition which historically was labeled merely as Lamaistvo, is a part of the emerging conception of global Buddhism
Original languageEnglish
JournalEntangled Religions. Interdisciplinary Journal for the Study of Religious Contact and Transfer
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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Faith
Buddhist
Buddhism
Activists
Conception
Reader
Worship
Reformer
Religious Traditions
Diocese
Missionaries
Redefinition
Idol
Downgrade
History

Keywords

  • Buddhism
  • Buriats
  • Russia
  • Trans-Baikal
  • tradition
  • reinterpretation of tradition

Cite this

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title = "From the Faith of Lamas to Global Buddhism: The Construction of Buddhist Tradition in Russian Trans-Baikal from the Eighteenth to the Early Twentieth Century",
abstract = "The article invites readers to reconsider the history of Buddhism in Russian Trans-Baikal as a gradual process of negotiation and redefinition that involved different actors: lamas, Russian imperial officials of various levels, Orthodox missionaries, Buriat national activists, Saint Petersburg Orientologists, modern Buddhist reformers and conservatives. The process involved the construction of the centralized and subordinated confessional group out of scattered communities of lamas in the course of the nineteenth century, Irkutsk Orthodox Diocese’s attempts first to downgrade the faith of lamas to idol-worship and then to normalize ‘corrupted Buddhism’, “discovery” of the larger Buddhist world by some Buriat lamas and their attempts to bring it back to ‘authentic forms’. The article shows what exactly have brought Russian officials and then Buriat Buddhist themselves to the idea that their religious tradition which historically was labeled merely as Lamaistvo, is a part of the emerging conception of global Buddhism",
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author = "Nikolay Tsyrempilov ",
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AB - The article invites readers to reconsider the history of Buddhism in Russian Trans-Baikal as a gradual process of negotiation and redefinition that involved different actors: lamas, Russian imperial officials of various levels, Orthodox missionaries, Buriat national activists, Saint Petersburg Orientologists, modern Buddhist reformers and conservatives. The process involved the construction of the centralized and subordinated confessional group out of scattered communities of lamas in the course of the nineteenth century, Irkutsk Orthodox Diocese’s attempts first to downgrade the faith of lamas to idol-worship and then to normalize ‘corrupted Buddhism’, “discovery” of the larger Buddhist world by some Buriat lamas and their attempts to bring it back to ‘authentic forms’. The article shows what exactly have brought Russian officials and then Buriat Buddhist themselves to the idea that their religious tradition which historically was labeled merely as Lamaistvo, is a part of the emerging conception of global Buddhism

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KW - Buriats

KW - Russia

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KW - tradition

KW - reinterpretation of tradition

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JF - Entangled Religions. Interdisciplinary Journal for the Study of Religious Contact and Transfer

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