Functional mammalian homologues of the Drosophila PEV-modifier Su(var)3-9 encode centromere-associated proteins which complex with the heterochromatin component M31

L Aagaard, G Laible, P Selenko, M Schmid, R Dorn, G Schotta, S Kuhfittig, A Wolf, A Lebersorger, P B Singh, G Reuter, T Jenuwein

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372 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The chromo and SET domains are conserved sequence motifs present in chromosomal proteins that function in epigenetic control of gene expression, presumably by modulating higher order chromatin. Based on sequence information from the SET domain, we have isolated human (SUV39H1) and mouse (Suv39h1) homologues of the dominant Drosophila modifier of position-effect-variegation (PEV) Su(var)3-9. Mammalian homologues contain, in addition to the SET domain, the characteristic chromo domain, a combination that is also preserved in the Schizosaccharyomyces pombe silencing factor clr4. Chromatin-dependent gene regulation is demonstrated by the potential of human SUV39H1 to increase repression of the pericentromeric white marker gene in transgenic flies. Immunodetection of endogenous Suv39h1/SUV39H1 proteins in a variety of mammalian cell lines reveals enriched distribution at heterochromatic foci during interphase and centromere-specific localization during metaphase. In addition, Suv39h1/SUV39H1 proteins associate with M31, currently the only other characterized mammalian SU(VAR) homologue. These data indicate the existence of a mammalian SU(VAR) complex and define Suv39h1/SUV39H1 as novel components of mammalian higher order chromatin.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1923-38
Number of pages16
JournalEMBO Journal
Volume18
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 1999

Keywords

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Animals, Genetically Modified
  • Base Sequence
  • Centromere
  • Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone
  • Conserved Sequence
  • DNA Primers
  • Drosophila
  • Drosophila Proteins
  • Fungal Proteins
  • Genes, Insect
  • Heterochromatin
  • Humans
  • Insect Proteins
  • Mice
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Repressor Proteins
  • Schizosaccharomyces
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Species Specificity
  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

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    Aagaard, L., Laible, G., Selenko, P., Schmid, M., Dorn, R., Schotta, G., Kuhfittig, S., Wolf, A., Lebersorger, A., Singh, P. B., Reuter, G., & Jenuwein, T. (1999). Functional mammalian homologues of the Drosophila PEV-modifier Su(var)3-9 encode centromere-associated proteins which complex with the heterochromatin component M31. EMBO Journal, 18(7), 1923-38. https://doi.org/10.1093/emboj/18.7.1923