Fundamental concepts of classical chaos. Part II: Fractals and chaotic dynamics

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

With the concept of fractals, introduced by B. B. Mandelbrot in the 1970s, geometry assumes again, after Poincaré, a leading role in the theory of dynamical systems and chaos. Dynamical instability and unpredictability in time become inseparable from geometrical complexity and irregularity in space, through self-similarity under scaling. Chaos theory thus acquires its natural setting and description in terms of fractal geometry and symbolic dynamics. Objects of non-integer dimension and distributions with spectra of generalized dimensions become familiar concepts of aesthetic, even philosophical value, while giving researchers at the same time new tools to probe deeper into complex natural phenomena. In this paper, I review in a pedagogical way the main ideas of fractal geometry, multifractal distributions and symbolic dynamics. Of central importance is the connection between temporal and spatial complexity, while important applications of the formalism are also mentioned, particularly in the area of chaotic time series analysis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)281-322
Number of pages42
JournalOpen Systems and Information Dynamics
Volume4
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Fractal Geometry
Symbolic Dynamics
Chaotic Dynamics
Chaos theory
Fractals
chaos
Fractal
fractals
Chaos
Generalized Dimensions
Chaotic Time Series
Chaos Theory
Geometry
Time Series Analysis
Irregularity
Self-similarity
geometry
time series analysis
Probe
Time series analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Information Systems
  • Computational Mechanics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mathematical Physics
  • Statistics and Probability
  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics

Cite this

Fundamental concepts of classical chaos. Part II : Fractals and chaotic dynamics. / Bountis, Tassos.

In: Open Systems and Information Dynamics, Vol. 4, No. 3, 1997, p. 281-322.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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