Gene pool of Siberian Tatars: Five ways of origin for five subethnic groups

A. T. Agdzhoyan, E. V. Balanovska, A. D. Padyukova, D. O. Dolinina, M. A. Kuznetsova, Valery Zaporozhchenko, R. A. Skhalyakho, S. M. Koshel, M. K. Zhabagin, Yu M. Yusupov, Kh Kh Mustafin, M. V. Ulyanova, Z. A. Tychinskih, M. B. Lavryashina, O. P. Balanovsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Siberian Tatars form the largest Turkic-speaking ethnic group in Western Siberia. The group has a complex hierarchical system of ethnographically diverse populations. Five subethnic groups of Tobol–Irtysh Siberian Tatars (N = 388 samples) have been analyzed for 50 informative Y-chromosomal SNPs. The subethnic groups have been found to be extremely genetically diverse (FST = 21%), so the Siberian Tatars form one of the strongly differentiated ethnic gene pools in Siberia and Central Asia. Every method employed in our studies indicates that different subethnic groups formed in different ways. The gene pool of Isker–Tobol Tatars descended from the local Siberian indigenous population and an intense, albeit relatively recent gene influx from Northeastern Europe. The gene pool of Yalutorovsky Tatars is determined by the Western Asian genetic component. The subethnic group of Siberian Bukhar Tatars is the closest to the gene pool of the Western Caucasus population. Ishtyak–Tokuz Tatars have preserved the genetic legacy of Paleo-Siberians, which connects them with populations from Southern, Western, and Central Siberia. The gene pool of the most isolated Zabolotny (Yaskolbinsky) Tatars is closest to Ugric peoples of Western Siberia and Samoyeds of the Northern Urals. Only two out of five Siberian Tatar groups studied show partial genetic similarity to other populations calling themselves Tatars: Isker–Tobol Siberian Tatars are slightly similar to Kazan Tatars, and Yalutorovsky Siberian Tatars, to Crimean Tatars. The approach based on the full sequencing of the Y chromosome reveals only a weak (2%) Central Asian genetic trace in the Siberian Tatar gene pool, dated to 900 years ago. Hence, the Mongolian hypothesis of the origin of Siberian Tatars is not supported in genetic perspective.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)860-873
Number of pages14
JournalMolecular Biology
Volume50
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2016

Fingerprint

Gene Pool
Siberia
Population
Central Asia
Y Chromosome
Population Groups
Ethnic Groups
Single Nucleotide Polymorphism
Genes

Keywords

  • ancient Siberian component
  • ethnogenesis
  • gene geography
  • gene pool
  • haplogroup
  • migrations
  • subethnic groups
  • Tobol–Irtysh Siberian Tatars
  • Y chromosome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Structural Biology
  • Biophysics

Cite this

Agdzhoyan, A. T., Balanovska, E. V., Padyukova, A. D., Dolinina, D. O., Kuznetsova, M. A., Zaporozhchenko, V., ... Balanovsky, O. P. (2016). Gene pool of Siberian Tatars: Five ways of origin for five subethnic groups. Molecular Biology, 50(6), 860-873. https://doi.org/10.1134/S0026893316060029

Gene pool of Siberian Tatars : Five ways of origin for five subethnic groups. / Agdzhoyan, A. T.; Balanovska, E. V.; Padyukova, A. D.; Dolinina, D. O.; Kuznetsova, M. A.; Zaporozhchenko, Valery; Skhalyakho, R. A.; Koshel, S. M.; Zhabagin, M. K.; Yusupov, Yu M.; Mustafin, Kh Kh; Ulyanova, M. V.; Tychinskih, Z. A.; Lavryashina, M. B.; Balanovsky, O. P.

In: Molecular Biology, Vol. 50, No. 6, 01.11.2016, p. 860-873.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Agdzhoyan, AT, Balanovska, EV, Padyukova, AD, Dolinina, DO, Kuznetsova, MA, Zaporozhchenko, V, Skhalyakho, RA, Koshel, SM, Zhabagin, MK, Yusupov, YM, Mustafin, KK, Ulyanova, MV, Tychinskih, ZA, Lavryashina, MB & Balanovsky, OP 2016, 'Gene pool of Siberian Tatars: Five ways of origin for five subethnic groups' Molecular Biology, vol. 50, no. 6, pp. 860-873. https://doi.org/10.1134/S0026893316060029
Agdzhoyan AT, Balanovska EV, Padyukova AD, Dolinina DO, Kuznetsova MA, Zaporozhchenko V et al. Gene pool of Siberian Tatars: Five ways of origin for five subethnic groups. Molecular Biology. 2016 Nov 1;50(6):860-873. https://doi.org/10.1134/S0026893316060029
Agdzhoyan, A. T. ; Balanovska, E. V. ; Padyukova, A. D. ; Dolinina, D. O. ; Kuznetsova, M. A. ; Zaporozhchenko, Valery ; Skhalyakho, R. A. ; Koshel, S. M. ; Zhabagin, M. K. ; Yusupov, Yu M. ; Mustafin, Kh Kh ; Ulyanova, M. V. ; Tychinskih, Z. A. ; Lavryashina, M. B. ; Balanovsky, O. P. / Gene pool of Siberian Tatars : Five ways of origin for five subethnic groups. In: Molecular Biology. 2016 ; Vol. 50, No. 6. pp. 860-873.
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