Aim: To analyze associations between homocysteine level, MTHFR and FTO rs1477196 polymorphisms and folate status in patients with breast cancer (BC) in order to clarify determinants of hyperhomocysteinemia. Patients and Methods: The study included 315 BC cases and 604 controls. Results: The MTHFRC677T genotype was associated with an increased incidence of BC [Odds ratio (OR)=1.71; 95% Confidential interval (CI)=1.21-2.43]. The MTHFR A1298C genotype was associated with a decreased risk of BC [OR=0.68; 95% CI: 0.49-0.95]. The homocysteine level was not associated with either MTHFR C677T or A1298C, nor with FTO rs1477196, but was inversely correlated with folate status in cancer cases (p<0.0001) and tended to be higher in patients with the MTHFR 677TT genotype. The folate level (p<0.0005) was an independent predictor of hyper-homocysteinemia in patients with BC. Conclusion: These results suggest an important role of homocysteine in breast tumorigenesis. Further studies are warranted to investigate how combined MTHFR genotypes exert their effects on cancer susceptibility.
|Number of pages||12|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 1 2013|
- Breast cancer
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research