Ground level ozone exposure and distribution over the historical Peninsula of Istanbul

Ferhat Karaca, Zeynep Öztürk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, passive samplers were used to measure ozone exposure distribution maps over the historical peninsula of Istanbul, Turkey. The study area is partially important due to the presence of cultural and historical buildings and structures distributed all over the peninsula. Unesco's World Heritage list covers four zones located in this historical peninsula in Istanbul. It is necessary to evaluate the pollution distribution in high resolution to construct effective risk management strategies. For this purpose, 50sampling stations were installed within the study area. Three sampling campaigns within different seasons (summer, winter and fall) showing different ozone distribution characteristics were carried out. Seasonal measurements of ozone exposure values were used to obtain a yearly exposure level, which is an important part of risk characterization. Seasonal ozone exposure maps over the historical peninsula were obtained using Geographical Information Systems (GIS) based interpolation models with high resolution. Risk maps including five regions, based on ozone exposure levels were created. Structures and historical regions located within these risk zones were identified. Based on the defined exposure regions, we found that the Archaeological Park, one of the items on UNESCO's list, is located within the most risky region.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-76
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Cultural Heritage
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Cokriging
  • Cultural heritage
  • GIS maps
  • Ground level ozone
  • Passive sampling
  • Spatial variations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Conservation
  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)
  • Archaeology
  • Materials Science (miscellaneous)
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications

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