Group pile effect on temperature distributions inside energy storage pile foundations

Dilnura Sailauova, Zhamilya Mamesh, Dichuan Zhang, Deuckhang Lee, Chang Seon Shon, Jong R. Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Energy storage pile foundations are being developed for storing renewable energy by utilizing compressed air energy storage technology. Previous studies on isolated piles indicate that compressed air can result in pressure and temperature fluctuations in the pile, which can further affect safety of the pile foundation. Meanwhile, the temperature changes and distributions for the pile and surrounding soil also are influenced by adjacent piles in typical group pile constructions. Therefore, dynamic thermal transfer simulations were conducted in this paper to investigate the temperature changes and distributions in the concrete pile and surrounding soil for group pile construction. The main parameter in this study is the spacing of the piles. The analysis results show that the group pile effect significantly increases the temperature up to more than 100 °C depending on the location and changes its distribution in both concrete and soil due to the heat transferred from the adjacent piles. The final stabilized temperature can be as high as 120 °C in the concrete pile and 110 °C in the soil after numerous loading cycles, which is about 4 times higher than typical thermo-active energy pile applications. Thus, it is important to include the group pile effect for design and analysis of the energy storage pile foundation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6597
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Issue number18
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2020


  • Dynamic analysis
  • Energy storage pile
  • Group pile construction
  • Thermal transfer simulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Instrumentation
  • Engineering(all)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

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