Health education competence: An investigation of the health education knowledge, skills and attitudes of nurses in Kazakhstan

Akmaral Khazhymurat, Makpal Paiyzkhan, Svetlana Khriyenko, Sandigul Seilova, Shinar Baisanova, Anargul Kuntuganova, Joseph U. Almazan, Jonas Preposi Cruz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims: This study assessed the nurses’ knowledge of, skills on and attitudes toward health education among nurses working at the University Medical Center Corporate Fund (UMC) in Kazakhstan. The personal and professional factors influencing the nurses’ knowledge of, skills on and attitudes toward health education were also investigated. Background: Health education is one of the nurses' fundamental responsibilities. Nurses' role in health education is critical in empowering patients and their families to live healthier lives, thus ensuring optimum health, well-being and quality of life. However, in Kazakhstan, where the nursing profession is still establishing its professional autonomy, data concerning the competence of Kazakh nurses in health education is unknown. Design: A quantitative study, specifically the cross-sectional, descriptive and correlational designs. Methods: The survey was performed at UMC in Astana, Kazakhstan. Using a convenience sampling technique, 312 nurses participated in the survey from March to August 2022. The “Nurse Health Education Competence Instrument” was used to collect data. The personal and professional characteristics of the nurses were also collected. Standard multiple regression analysis examined the personal and professional variables influencing the nurses’ health education competence. Results: The respondents’ average score in the “Cognitive domain,” “Psychomotor domain,” and “Affective-attitudinal domain” was 3.80 (SD = 0.66), 3.99 (SD = 0.58) and 4.04 (SD = 0.62), respectively. The nurses’ category as a nurse, medical center, attendance to health education training/seminars in the last 12 months, provision of health education to a patient in the last week and perception of health education's significance in nursing practice were significant predictors of the nurses’ health education competence contributing an approximately 24.4 %, 29.3 % and 27.1 % of the variance of the health education knowledge (R2 = 0.273, Adjusted R2 = 0.244), skills R2 = 0.320, Adjusted R2 = 0.293) and attitudes (R2 = 0.299, Adjusted R2 = 0.271). Conclusions: The nurses reported high levels of health education competence (knowledge, attitudes and skills). The personal and professional factors influencing the nurses' competence in health education are essential to consider when developing interventions and healthcare policies to ensure nurses' competent provision of health education to patients.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103586
JournalNurse Education in Practice
Volume68
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2023

Keywords

  • Competence
  • Health education
  • Kazakhstan
  • Nursing
  • Nursing practice
  • Patient education

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Nursing
  • Education

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