Hemodynamic design optimization of a ventricular cannula applying Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD)

Alifer D. Bordones, Luis R. Rojas-Solórzano

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Nowadays, a Ventricular Assist Device (VAD) is a hope of clinic solution to patients with heart failure. This study presents the design of the "trumpet mouth" ventricular cannula (TMVC) connected to a pediatric VAD, optimized to reduce the conditions that generate blood damage. The flow through the TMVC is analysed using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) techniques. The optimization of the TMVC considered the turbulent and byphasic nature of the flow at the systolic and diastolic phases of the cardiac cycle. To assess the hemodynamic performance of the cannula, three geometric parameters were chosen as input or independent variables in the optimization: the cannula tip curvature angle (è) and the inner and outer curvature radii (R1 and R2). The output parameters or objective functions were the Modified Index of Hemolysis (MIH), the Modified Index of Platelet Lysis (MILpl) and the fluid pressure drop (ÄP). The mathematical optimization passed through an enhanced sampling process of combined scenarios of input parameters and thereafter, the response surface was generated using the Kriging algorithm. The selection of the geometric parameters that minimized MIH, MILpl and δP were obtained after the application of a Multi-Objective Genetic Algorithm (Moga) and the generation of Pareto fronts to obtain the points that met the established conditions of reduction of blood damage. The optimal geometric parameters for the ventricular cannula obtained through the optimization process are: è (27.29 degrees), R1 (0.83 mm) and R2 (0.20 mm). The final results showed a reduction in MIH for both cardiac phase configurations in the zone of the cannula tip and an overall reduction of 25% and 60% in the MIH and MILpl, respectively, compared to the damage for the cannula with nominal input parameters.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationChemical Engineering Transactions
PublisherItalian Association of Chemical Engineering - AIDIC
Pages601-606
Number of pages6
Volume49
ISBN (Electronic)9788895608402
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2016

Publication series

NameChemical Engineering Transactions
Volume49
ISSN (Electronic)22839216

Fingerprint

Hemodynamics
Computational fluid dynamics
Blood
Pediatrics
Platelets
Pressure drop
Genetic algorithms
Sampling
Fluids
Design optimization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

Bordones, A. D., & Rojas-Solórzano, L. R. (2016). Hemodynamic design optimization of a ventricular cannula applying Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD). In Chemical Engineering Transactions (Vol. 49, pp. 601-606). (Chemical Engineering Transactions; Vol. 49). Italian Association of Chemical Engineering - AIDIC. https://doi.org/10.3303/CET1649101

Hemodynamic design optimization of a ventricular cannula applying Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD). / Bordones, Alifer D.; Rojas-Solórzano, Luis R.

Chemical Engineering Transactions. Vol. 49 Italian Association of Chemical Engineering - AIDIC, 2016. p. 601-606 (Chemical Engineering Transactions; Vol. 49).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Bordones, AD & Rojas-Solórzano, LR 2016, Hemodynamic design optimization of a ventricular cannula applying Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD). in Chemical Engineering Transactions. vol. 49, Chemical Engineering Transactions, vol. 49, Italian Association of Chemical Engineering - AIDIC, pp. 601-606. https://doi.org/10.3303/CET1649101
Bordones AD, Rojas-Solórzano LR. Hemodynamic design optimization of a ventricular cannula applying Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD). In Chemical Engineering Transactions. Vol. 49. Italian Association of Chemical Engineering - AIDIC. 2016. p. 601-606. (Chemical Engineering Transactions). https://doi.org/10.3303/CET1649101
Bordones, Alifer D. ; Rojas-Solórzano, Luis R. / Hemodynamic design optimization of a ventricular cannula applying Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD). Chemical Engineering Transactions. Vol. 49 Italian Association of Chemical Engineering - AIDIC, 2016. pp. 601-606 (Chemical Engineering Transactions).
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