Following the high penetration of synchronous generators (SGs) in the power network, optimal overcurrent coordination improvement under faulty conditions has become a crucial problem. To reduce the overcurrent relay operating time, a new overcurrent relay curve is proposed in this study. Then, the overcurrent coordination problem is overcome by using a robust combinatorial optimisation method. Additionally, SG sizing and location is performed to verify the merits of both the proposed relay curve and the applied optimisation algorithm. The proposed relay curve performance is compared with other non-standard relays characteristic available in the literature for a standard microgrid. Then, the proposed relay curve is applied to both the 8-bus transmission and the 33 kV distribution portion of the 30-bus IEEE standard power test systems. Then, the SG transient stability for different fault locations is analysed. Finally, an accurate comparison between the proposed relay curve and standard/non-standard curves available in the literature is provided by applying the same optimisation method and network topology. The simulation results confirm the superiority of the proposed relay curve.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment