Histopathological examination of bone debris from reaming of interlocking intra-medullary nail fixation of long bone fractures with concomitant head injury

Fathy G. Khallaf, Elijah O. Kehinde

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Backgroud/Aim: The aim of study was to test, for the presence of osteoblasts in the reaming debris of intramedullary nailing of femoral and tibial fracture in patients with and without severe head injury. Methods: Two groups of patients were studied. Group A (n = 32) had long bone fractures in addition to having head injuries. Group B (n = 35) had only long bone fractures. The fractures in the 2 groups of patients was treated by inter medullary nailing. Osteoblasts in the debris of the inter medullary nailing was compared between the 2 groups of patients. Results: The results demonstrated that histopathological specimens from reaming debris of fractured femur and tibia in patients with head injury showed osteoblasts in (82.9%) and in (27.5%) of patients with isolated long bone fractures (p < 0.001). Conclusion: Healing indicators in diaphyseal fractures and concomitant head injury confirm fast and adequate healing in these patients and the presence of plenty of osteoblasts in their reaming debris may reflect a proof of accelerated fracture healing environment.

Original languageEnglish
Article number192
Pages (from-to)217-221
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Orthopaedics
Volume12
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2015

Keywords

  • Acceleration of bone healing
  • Bone debris
  • Head injury
  • Long bone fractures
  • Osteoblasts

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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