HLA-B*51 allelic and carrier frequency in Kazakhstan: insights into Behçet’s disease prevalence in Central Asia

Dimitri Poddighe, Aida Turganbekova, Zaure Mukusheva, Altynay Abdirakhmanova, Maikesh Assylbekova, Saniya Abdrakhmanova

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Behçet’s disease (BD) is a systemic vasculitis whose prevalence varies according to the ethnicity. HLA-B*51 is a well-known genetic factor predisposing to BD: populations with higher HLA-B*51 allelic frequencies are also those with a greater disease prevalence, as occurs in the Silk Road countries. However, the BD prevalence is unknown in many countries, including Kazakhstan and, in general, Central Asia, despite the location on or near the Silk Road. Due to the lack of clinical studies from this area, we analyzed the bone marrow donors registry in Kazakhstan, in order to assess the HLA-B*51 allelic and carrier frequencies, which resulted to be 8.14 and 15.28%, respectively. Through a comparison with the same parameters in other countries (by performing a data search in the medical literature and in the Allele Frequency Net Database), we might speculate a BD prevalence in Kazakhstan of 10–15/100.000 at least. This result should prompt a greater clinical consideration of this disease in Central Asia, as well as the publication of clinical data from this geographic area.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternal and Emergency Medicine
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • Allelic frequency
  • Behçet’s disease
  • Central Asia
  • HLA-B*57
  • Kazakhstan
  • Prevalence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Emergency Medicine

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